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Explaining effective mental health support for LGBTQ+ youth: A meta-narrative review

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E-pub ahead of print
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Article number100004
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/12/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>SSM - Mental Health
Volume1
Number of pages9
Publication StatusE-pub ahead of print
Early online date14/06/21
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

This meta-narrative review on mental health early intervention support for LGBTQ+ ​youth aimed to develop a theoretical framework to explain effective mental health support. Using the RAMESES standards for meta-narrative reviews, we identified studies from database searches and citation-tracking. Data extraction and synthesis was conducted through conceptual coding in Atlas.ti. in two stages: 1) conceptual mapping of the meta-narratives; 2) comparing the key concepts across the meta-narratives to produce a theoretical framework. In total, 2951 titles and abstracts were screened and 200 full papers reviewed. 88 studies were included in the final review. Stage 1 synthesis identified three meta-narratives - psychological, psycho-social, and social/youth work. Stage 2 synthesis resulted in a non-pathological theoretical framework for mental health support that acknowledged the intersectional aspects of LGBTQ+ ​youth lives, and placed youth at the centre of their own mental health care. The study of LGBTQ+ ​youth mental health has largely occurred independently across a range of disciplines such as psychology, sociology, public health, social work and youth studies. The interdisciplinary theoretical framework produced indicates that effective early intervention mental health support for LGBTQ+ ​youth must prioritise addressing normative environments that marginalises youth, LGBTQ+ ​identities and mental health problems.