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Explaining the dynamics of the ultra-relativistic third Van Allen radiation belt

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Explaining the dynamics of the ultra-relativistic third Van Allen radiation belt. / Mann, Ian R.; Ozeke, L.G.; Murphy, Kyle R.; Clauderpierre, S. G.; Turner, D. L; Baker, D. N; Rae, I. J. ; Kale, A.; Milling, David; Boyd, A. J.; Spence, H. E.; Reeves, G. D. ; Singer, H. J; Dimitrakoudis, S.; Daglis, I. A. ; Honary, Farideh.

In: Nature physics, Vol. 12, No. 10, 10.2016, p. 978-983.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Mann, IR, Ozeke, LG, Murphy, KR, Clauderpierre, SG, Turner, DL, Baker, DN, Rae, IJ, Kale, A, Milling, D, Boyd, AJ, Spence, HE, Reeves, GD, Singer, HJ, Dimitrakoudis, S, Daglis, IA & Honary, F 2016, 'Explaining the dynamics of the ultra-relativistic third Van Allen radiation belt', Nature physics, vol. 12, no. 10, pp. 978-983. https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys3799

APA

Mann, I. R., Ozeke, L. G., Murphy, K. R., Clauderpierre, S. G., Turner, D. L., Baker, D. N., Rae, I. J., Kale, A., Milling, D., Boyd, A. J., Spence, H. E., Reeves, G. D., Singer, H. J., Dimitrakoudis, S., Daglis, I. A., & Honary, F. (2016). Explaining the dynamics of the ultra-relativistic third Van Allen radiation belt. Nature physics, 12(10), 978-983. https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys3799

Vancouver

Mann IR, Ozeke LG, Murphy KR, Clauderpierre SG, Turner DL, Baker DN et al. Explaining the dynamics of the ultra-relativistic third Van Allen radiation belt. Nature physics. 2016 Oct;12(10):978-983. https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys3799

Author

Mann, Ian R. ; Ozeke, L.G. ; Murphy, Kyle R. ; Clauderpierre, S. G. ; Turner, D. L ; Baker, D. N ; Rae, I. J. ; Kale, A. ; Milling, David ; Boyd, A. J. ; Spence, H. E. ; Reeves, G. D. ; Singer, H. J ; Dimitrakoudis, S. ; Daglis, I. A. ; Honary, Farideh. / Explaining the dynamics of the ultra-relativistic third Van Allen radiation belt. In: Nature physics. 2016 ; Vol. 12, No. 10. pp. 978-983.

Bibtex

@article{4a3de0cd28074e18ba4788826e193c05,
title = "Explaining the dynamics of the ultra-relativistic third Van Allen radiation belt",
abstract = "Since the discovery of the Van Allen radiation belts over 50 years ago, an explanation for their complete dynamics has remained elusive. Especially challenging is understanding the recently discovered ultra-relativistic third electron radiation belt. Current theory asserts that loss in the heart of the outer belt, essential to the formation of the third belt, must be controlled by high-frequency plasma wave–particle scattering into the atmosphere, via whistler mode chorus, plasmaspheric hiss, or electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves. However, this has failed to accurately reproduce the third belt. Using a data driven, time-dependent specification of ultra-low-frequency (ULF) waves we show for the first time how the third radiation belt is established as a simple, elegant consequence of storm-time extremely fast outward ULF wave transport. High-frequency wave–particle scattering loss into the atmosphere is not needed in this case. When rapid ULF wave transport coupled to a dynamic boundary is accurately specified, the sensitive dynamics controlling the enigmatic ultra-relativistic third radiation belt are naturally explained",
author = "Mann, {Ian R.} and L.G. Ozeke and Murphy, {Kyle R.} and Clauderpierre, {S. G.} and Turner, {D. L} and Baker, {D. N} and Rae, {I. J.} and A. Kale and David Milling and Boyd, {A. J.} and Spence, {H. E.} and Reeves, {G. D.} and Singer, {H. J} and S. Dimitrakoudis and Daglis, {I. A.} and Farideh Honary",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature.",
year = "2016",
month = oct,
doi = "10.1038/nphys3799",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "978--983",
journal = "Nature physics",
issn = "1745-2473",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Explaining the dynamics of the ultra-relativistic third Van Allen radiation belt

AU - Mann, Ian R.

AU - Ozeke, L.G.

AU - Murphy, Kyle R.

AU - Clauderpierre, S. G.

AU - Turner, D. L

AU - Baker, D. N

AU - Rae, I. J.

AU - Kale, A.

AU - Milling, David

AU - Boyd, A. J.

AU - Spence, H. E.

AU - Reeves, G. D.

AU - Singer, H. J

AU - Dimitrakoudis, S.

AU - Daglis, I. A.

AU - Honary, Farideh

N1 - © 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature.

PY - 2016/10

Y1 - 2016/10

N2 - Since the discovery of the Van Allen radiation belts over 50 years ago, an explanation for their complete dynamics has remained elusive. Especially challenging is understanding the recently discovered ultra-relativistic third electron radiation belt. Current theory asserts that loss in the heart of the outer belt, essential to the formation of the third belt, must be controlled by high-frequency plasma wave–particle scattering into the atmosphere, via whistler mode chorus, plasmaspheric hiss, or electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves. However, this has failed to accurately reproduce the third belt. Using a data driven, time-dependent specification of ultra-low-frequency (ULF) waves we show for the first time how the third radiation belt is established as a simple, elegant consequence of storm-time extremely fast outward ULF wave transport. High-frequency wave–particle scattering loss into the atmosphere is not needed in this case. When rapid ULF wave transport coupled to a dynamic boundary is accurately specified, the sensitive dynamics controlling the enigmatic ultra-relativistic third radiation belt are naturally explained

AB - Since the discovery of the Van Allen radiation belts over 50 years ago, an explanation for their complete dynamics has remained elusive. Especially challenging is understanding the recently discovered ultra-relativistic third electron radiation belt. Current theory asserts that loss in the heart of the outer belt, essential to the formation of the third belt, must be controlled by high-frequency plasma wave–particle scattering into the atmosphere, via whistler mode chorus, plasmaspheric hiss, or electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves. However, this has failed to accurately reproduce the third belt. Using a data driven, time-dependent specification of ultra-low-frequency (ULF) waves we show for the first time how the third radiation belt is established as a simple, elegant consequence of storm-time extremely fast outward ULF wave transport. High-frequency wave–particle scattering loss into the atmosphere is not needed in this case. When rapid ULF wave transport coupled to a dynamic boundary is accurately specified, the sensitive dynamics controlling the enigmatic ultra-relativistic third radiation belt are naturally explained

U2 - 10.1038/nphys3799

DO - 10.1038/nphys3799

M3 - Journal article

VL - 12

SP - 978

EP - 983

JO - Nature physics

JF - Nature physics

SN - 1745-2473

IS - 10

ER -