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Fabrication and Characterisation of the First Graphene Ring Micro Electrodes (GRIMEs)

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Fabrication and Characterisation of the First Graphene Ring Micro Electrodes (GRIMEs). / Dickinson, James; Andrieux, Fabrice; Boxall, Colin.

In: MRS Online Proceedings Library, Vol. 1407, 2012.

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@article{8c94d86dce074036a926c05a1effbcba,
title = "Fabrication and Characterisation of the First Graphene Ring Micro Electrodes (GRIMEs)",
abstract = "We report the fabrication and characterisation of the first graphene ring micro electrodes, formed by dip coating fibre optics with subsequently reduced graphite oxide. The behaviour of the so-formed Graphene RIng Micro Electrodes (GRIMEs) is studied using the ferricyanide probe redox system while electrode thicknesses is assessed using established electrochemical methods. A ring electrode of ∼73 nm thickness is produced on 220 μm diameter fibre optics, corresponding to an inner to outer radius ratio of >0.999, so allowing for use of extant analytical descriptions of very thin ring micro electrodes in data analysis. GRIMEs are highly reliable (current response invariant over >3000 scans) with the microring design allowing for efficient use of electrochemically active graphene edge sites. Further, the associated nA scale currents neatly obviate issues relating to the high resistivity of undoped graphene. Thus, the use of graphene in ring micro electrodes improves the reliability of existing micro electrode designs and expands the range of use of graphene-based electrochemical devices.",
keywords = "nanostructure, sensor, electrical properties",
author = "James Dickinson and Fabrice Andrieux and Colin Boxall",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1557/opl.2012.468",
language = "English",
volume = "1407",
journal = "MRS Online Proceedings Library",
issn = "0272-9172",
publisher = "Materials Research Society",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fabrication and Characterisation of the First Graphene Ring Micro Electrodes (GRIMEs)

AU - Dickinson, James

AU - Andrieux, Fabrice

AU - Boxall, Colin

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - We report the fabrication and characterisation of the first graphene ring micro electrodes, formed by dip coating fibre optics with subsequently reduced graphite oxide. The behaviour of the so-formed Graphene RIng Micro Electrodes (GRIMEs) is studied using the ferricyanide probe redox system while electrode thicknesses is assessed using established electrochemical methods. A ring electrode of ∼73 nm thickness is produced on 220 μm diameter fibre optics, corresponding to an inner to outer radius ratio of >0.999, so allowing for use of extant analytical descriptions of very thin ring micro electrodes in data analysis. GRIMEs are highly reliable (current response invariant over >3000 scans) with the microring design allowing for efficient use of electrochemically active graphene edge sites. Further, the associated nA scale currents neatly obviate issues relating to the high resistivity of undoped graphene. Thus, the use of graphene in ring micro electrodes improves the reliability of existing micro electrode designs and expands the range of use of graphene-based electrochemical devices.

AB - We report the fabrication and characterisation of the first graphene ring micro electrodes, formed by dip coating fibre optics with subsequently reduced graphite oxide. The behaviour of the so-formed Graphene RIng Micro Electrodes (GRIMEs) is studied using the ferricyanide probe redox system while electrode thicknesses is assessed using established electrochemical methods. A ring electrode of ∼73 nm thickness is produced on 220 μm diameter fibre optics, corresponding to an inner to outer radius ratio of >0.999, so allowing for use of extant analytical descriptions of very thin ring micro electrodes in data analysis. GRIMEs are highly reliable (current response invariant over >3000 scans) with the microring design allowing for efficient use of electrochemically active graphene edge sites. Further, the associated nA scale currents neatly obviate issues relating to the high resistivity of undoped graphene. Thus, the use of graphene in ring micro electrodes improves the reliability of existing micro electrode designs and expands the range of use of graphene-based electrochemical devices.

KW - nanostructure

KW - sensor

KW - electrical properties

U2 - 10.1557/opl.2012.468

DO - 10.1557/opl.2012.468

M3 - Journal article

VL - 1407

JO - MRS Online Proceedings Library

JF - MRS Online Proceedings Library

SN - 0272-9172

ER -