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Frequency-Domain Stochastic Modeling of Stationary Bivariate or Complex-Valued Signals

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Article number7884990
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>15/06/2017
<mark>Journal</mark>IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Issue number12
Number of pages16
Pages (from-to)3136-3151
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date22/03/17
<mark>Original language</mark>English


There are three equivalent ways of representing two jointly observed real-valued signals: as a bivariate vector signal, as a single complex-valued signal, or as two analytic signals known as the rotary components. Each representation has unique advantages depending on the system of interest and the application goals. In this paper, we provide a joint framework for all three representations in the context of frequency-domain stochastic modeling. This framework allows us to extend many established statistical procedures for bivariate vector time series to complex-valued and rotary representations. These include procedures for parametrically modeling signal coherence, estimating model parameters using the Whittle likelihood, performing semiparametric modeling, and choosing between classes of nested models using model choice. We also provide a new method of testing for impropriety in complex-valued signals, which tests for noncircular or anisotropic second-order statistical structure when the signal is represented in the complex plane. Finally, we demonstrate the usefulness of our methodology in capturing the anisotropic structure of signals observed from fluid dynamic simulations of turbulence.