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Genetic analysis of Newcastle disease virus from Punjab, Pakistan

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Genetic analysis of Newcastle disease virus from Punjab, Pakistan. / Shabbir, Muhammad Zubair; Abbas, Muhammad; Yaqub, Tahir; Mukhtar, Nadia; Subhani, Atta; Habib, Hasham; Sohail, Muhammad Umar; Munir, Muhammad.

In: Virus Genes, Vol. 46, No. 2, 01.04.2013, p. 309-315.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Shabbir, MZ, Abbas, M, Yaqub, T, Mukhtar, N, Subhani, A, Habib, H, Sohail, MU & Munir, M 2013, 'Genetic analysis of Newcastle disease virus from Punjab, Pakistan', Virus Genes, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 309-315. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11262-012-0862-2

APA

Shabbir, M. Z., Abbas, M., Yaqub, T., Mukhtar, N., Subhani, A., Habib, H., Sohail, M. U., & Munir, M. (2013). Genetic analysis of Newcastle disease virus from Punjab, Pakistan. Virus Genes, 46(2), 309-315. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11262-012-0862-2

Vancouver

Shabbir MZ, Abbas M, Yaqub T, Mukhtar N, Subhani A, Habib H et al. Genetic analysis of Newcastle disease virus from Punjab, Pakistan. Virus Genes. 2013 Apr 1;46(2):309-315. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11262-012-0862-2

Author

Shabbir, Muhammad Zubair ; Abbas, Muhammad ; Yaqub, Tahir ; Mukhtar, Nadia ; Subhani, Atta ; Habib, Hasham ; Sohail, Muhammad Umar ; Munir, Muhammad. / Genetic analysis of Newcastle disease virus from Punjab, Pakistan. In: Virus Genes. 2013 ; Vol. 46, No. 2. pp. 309-315.

Bibtex

@article{43b5429fd67f47b3bf47670686022e4a,
title = "Genetic analysis of Newcastle disease virus from Punjab, Pakistan",
abstract = "The strains of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) were isolated from five suspected outbreaks of ND in broiler (n = 3) and layers (n = 2) poultry farms. The egg-isolated viruses were subjected to biological and genetic characterization. Based on the biological characterization, isolates showed haemagglutination titer ≥log 27, mean death time <55 h, intracerebral pathogenecity index ≤1.8, and egg lethal dose 50 from 10 -7.15 to 10-9.31/1 ml. Genetic characterization of the fusion (F) gene revealed that the isolates clustered with NDV strains of genotype VII (VIIf) within class II, which remained predominant genotype in the domestic poultry of Asia. The deduced amino acid sequence of the isolates confirmed virulent motif 112RRQKRF117 at the F protein cleavage site. A bioinformatics and pairwise comparison approach was applied to estimate the synonymous and non-synonymous substitution rates (dN/dS) and selective evolutionary pressure for the F protein. The dN/dS calculated for genotype VII indicate purifying selection, which resulted in a low evolution rate in F gene. The F protein shows a strong negative pressure throughout the length of the protein and no recombination event was determined. Collectively, the results suggest that very similar virulent strains of NDV are involved during current wave of disease outbreak throughout the country. From these results, in conjunction with our recent reports of NDV from Pakistan, it is possible to conclude that emergence of novel group may require revisiting the diagnostics and vaccine control strategies.",
keywords = "Evolutionary analysis, Fusion protein, Newcastle disease, Pakistan, Phylogenetic analysis",
author = "Shabbir, {Muhammad Zubair} and Muhammad Abbas and Tahir Yaqub and Nadia Mukhtar and Atta Subhani and Hasham Habib and Sohail, {Muhammad Umar} and Muhammad Munir",
year = "2013",
month = apr,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11262-012-0862-2",
language = "English",
volume = "46",
pages = "309--315",
journal = "Virus Genes",
issn = "0920-8569",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Genetic analysis of Newcastle disease virus from Punjab, Pakistan

AU - Shabbir, Muhammad Zubair

AU - Abbas, Muhammad

AU - Yaqub, Tahir

AU - Mukhtar, Nadia

AU - Subhani, Atta

AU - Habib, Hasham

AU - Sohail, Muhammad Umar

AU - Munir, Muhammad

PY - 2013/4/1

Y1 - 2013/4/1

N2 - The strains of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) were isolated from five suspected outbreaks of ND in broiler (n = 3) and layers (n = 2) poultry farms. The egg-isolated viruses were subjected to biological and genetic characterization. Based on the biological characterization, isolates showed haemagglutination titer ≥log 27, mean death time <55 h, intracerebral pathogenecity index ≤1.8, and egg lethal dose 50 from 10 -7.15 to 10-9.31/1 ml. Genetic characterization of the fusion (F) gene revealed that the isolates clustered with NDV strains of genotype VII (VIIf) within class II, which remained predominant genotype in the domestic poultry of Asia. The deduced amino acid sequence of the isolates confirmed virulent motif 112RRQKRF117 at the F protein cleavage site. A bioinformatics and pairwise comparison approach was applied to estimate the synonymous and non-synonymous substitution rates (dN/dS) and selective evolutionary pressure for the F protein. The dN/dS calculated for genotype VII indicate purifying selection, which resulted in a low evolution rate in F gene. The F protein shows a strong negative pressure throughout the length of the protein and no recombination event was determined. Collectively, the results suggest that very similar virulent strains of NDV are involved during current wave of disease outbreak throughout the country. From these results, in conjunction with our recent reports of NDV from Pakistan, it is possible to conclude that emergence of novel group may require revisiting the diagnostics and vaccine control strategies.

AB - The strains of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) were isolated from five suspected outbreaks of ND in broiler (n = 3) and layers (n = 2) poultry farms. The egg-isolated viruses were subjected to biological and genetic characterization. Based on the biological characterization, isolates showed haemagglutination titer ≥log 27, mean death time <55 h, intracerebral pathogenecity index ≤1.8, and egg lethal dose 50 from 10 -7.15 to 10-9.31/1 ml. Genetic characterization of the fusion (F) gene revealed that the isolates clustered with NDV strains of genotype VII (VIIf) within class II, which remained predominant genotype in the domestic poultry of Asia. The deduced amino acid sequence of the isolates confirmed virulent motif 112RRQKRF117 at the F protein cleavage site. A bioinformatics and pairwise comparison approach was applied to estimate the synonymous and non-synonymous substitution rates (dN/dS) and selective evolutionary pressure for the F protein. The dN/dS calculated for genotype VII indicate purifying selection, which resulted in a low evolution rate in F gene. The F protein shows a strong negative pressure throughout the length of the protein and no recombination event was determined. Collectively, the results suggest that very similar virulent strains of NDV are involved during current wave of disease outbreak throughout the country. From these results, in conjunction with our recent reports of NDV from Pakistan, it is possible to conclude that emergence of novel group may require revisiting the diagnostics and vaccine control strategies.

KW - Evolutionary analysis

KW - Fusion protein

KW - Newcastle disease

KW - Pakistan

KW - Phylogenetic analysis

U2 - 10.1007/s11262-012-0862-2

DO - 10.1007/s11262-012-0862-2

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 23229206

AN - SCOPUS:84879694912

VL - 46

SP - 309

EP - 315

JO - Virus Genes

JF - Virus Genes

SN - 0920-8569

IS - 2

ER -