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Gravitational-wave Constraints on the Equatorial Ellipticity of Millisecond Pulsars

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Gravitational-wave Constraints on the Equatorial Ellipticity of Millisecond Pulsars. / LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration.

In: Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 902, No. 1, L21, 12.10.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

Harvard

LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration 2020, 'Gravitational-wave Constraints on the Equatorial Ellipticity of Millisecond Pulsars', Astrophysical Journal Letters, vol. 902, no. 1, L21. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/abb655

APA

LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration (2020). Gravitational-wave Constraints on the Equatorial Ellipticity of Millisecond Pulsars. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 902(1), [L21]. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/abb655

Vancouver

LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration. Gravitational-wave Constraints on the Equatorial Ellipticity of Millisecond Pulsars. Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2020 Oct 12;902(1). L21. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/abb655

Author

LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration. / Gravitational-wave Constraints on the Equatorial Ellipticity of Millisecond Pulsars. In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2020 ; Vol. 902, No. 1.

Bibtex

@article{6f45946a224746cc982374df0679f393,
title = "Gravitational-wave Constraints on the Equatorial Ellipticity of Millisecond Pulsars",
abstract = "We present a search for continuous gravitational waves from five radio pulsars, comprising three recycled pulsars (PSR J0437−4715, PSR J0711−6830, and PSR J0737−3039A) and two young pulsars: the Crab pulsar (J0534+2200) and the Vela pulsar (J0835−4510). We use data from the third observing run of Advanced LIGO and Virgo combined with data from their first and second observing runs. For the first time, we are able to match (for PSR J0437−4715) or surpass (for PSR J0711−6830) the indirect limits on gravitational-wave emission from recycled pulsars inferred from their observed spin-downs, and constrain their equatorial ellipticities to be less than 10−8. For each of the five pulsars, we perform targeted searches that assume a tight coupling between the gravitational-wave and electromagnetic signal phase evolution. We also present constraints on PSR J0711−6830, the Crab pulsar, and the Vela pulsar from a search that relaxes this assumption, allowing the gravitational-wave signal to vary from the electromagnetic expectation within a narrow band of frequencies and frequency derivatives.",
author = "{LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration} and Matthew Pitkin",
year = "2020",
month = oct,
day = "12",
doi = "10.3847/2041-8213/abb655",
language = "English",
volume = "902",
journal = "Astrophysical Journal Letters",
issn = "2041-8205",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gravitational-wave Constraints on the Equatorial Ellipticity of Millisecond Pulsars

AU - LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration

AU - Pitkin, Matthew

PY - 2020/10/12

Y1 - 2020/10/12

N2 - We present a search for continuous gravitational waves from five radio pulsars, comprising three recycled pulsars (PSR J0437−4715, PSR J0711−6830, and PSR J0737−3039A) and two young pulsars: the Crab pulsar (J0534+2200) and the Vela pulsar (J0835−4510). We use data from the third observing run of Advanced LIGO and Virgo combined with data from their first and second observing runs. For the first time, we are able to match (for PSR J0437−4715) or surpass (for PSR J0711−6830) the indirect limits on gravitational-wave emission from recycled pulsars inferred from their observed spin-downs, and constrain their equatorial ellipticities to be less than 10−8. For each of the five pulsars, we perform targeted searches that assume a tight coupling between the gravitational-wave and electromagnetic signal phase evolution. We also present constraints on PSR J0711−6830, the Crab pulsar, and the Vela pulsar from a search that relaxes this assumption, allowing the gravitational-wave signal to vary from the electromagnetic expectation within a narrow band of frequencies and frequency derivatives.

AB - We present a search for continuous gravitational waves from five radio pulsars, comprising three recycled pulsars (PSR J0437−4715, PSR J0711−6830, and PSR J0737−3039A) and two young pulsars: the Crab pulsar (J0534+2200) and the Vela pulsar (J0835−4510). We use data from the third observing run of Advanced LIGO and Virgo combined with data from their first and second observing runs. For the first time, we are able to match (for PSR J0437−4715) or surpass (for PSR J0711−6830) the indirect limits on gravitational-wave emission from recycled pulsars inferred from their observed spin-downs, and constrain their equatorial ellipticities to be less than 10−8. For each of the five pulsars, we perform targeted searches that assume a tight coupling between the gravitational-wave and electromagnetic signal phase evolution. We also present constraints on PSR J0711−6830, the Crab pulsar, and the Vela pulsar from a search that relaxes this assumption, allowing the gravitational-wave signal to vary from the electromagnetic expectation within a narrow band of frequencies and frequency derivatives.

U2 - 10.3847/2041-8213/abb655

DO - 10.3847/2041-8213/abb655

M3 - Letter

VL - 902

JO - Astrophysical Journal Letters

JF - Astrophysical Journal Letters

SN - 2041-8205

IS - 1

M1 - L21

ER -