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High-throughput continuous hydrothermal synthesis of an entire nanoceramic phase diagram

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  • X. Weng
  • J.K. Cockcroft
  • G. Hyett
  • M. Vickers
  • P. Boldrin
  • C.C. Tang
  • S.P. Thompson
  • J.E. Parker
  • J.C. Knowles
  • I. Rehman
  • I. Parkin
  • J.R.G. Evans
  • J.A. Darr
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>2009
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Combinatorial Chemistry
Issue number5
Number of pages6
Pages (from-to)829-834
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


A novel High-Throughput Continuous Hydrothermal (HiTCH) flow synthesis reactor was used to make directly and rapidly a 66-sample nanoparticle library (entire phase diagram) of nanocrystalline CexZryY zO2-δ in less than 12 h. High resolution PXRD data were obtained for the entire heat-treated library (at 1000 °C/1 h) in less than a day using the new robotic beamline 111, located at Diamond Light Source (DLS). This allowed Rietveld-quality powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) data collection of the entire 66-sample library in < 1 day. Consequently, the authors rapidly mapped out phase behavior and sintering behaviors for the entire library. Out of the entire 66-sample heat-treated library, the PXRD data suggests that 43 possess the fluorite structure, of which 30 (out of 36) are ternary compositions. The speed, quantity and quality of data obtained by our new approach, offers an exciting new development which will allow structure-property relationships to be accessed for nanoceramics in much shorter time periods. © 2009 American Chemical Society.