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  • ICA3PP - Horus - Yeung (Accepted)

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Horus: An Interference-aware Resource Manager for Deep Learning Systems

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Publication date29/09/2020
Host publicationAlgorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing. ICA3PP 2020
EditorsM. Qiu
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9783030602390
ISBN (Print)9783030602383
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science


Deep Learning (DL) models are deployed as jobs within machines containing GPUs. These DL systems - ranging from a singular GPU device to machine clusters - require state-of-the-art resource management to increase resource utilization and job throughput. While it has been identified that co-location - multiple jobs co-located within the same GPU - is an effective means to achieve this, such co-location incurs performance interference that directly debilitates DL training and inference performance. Existing approaches to mitigate interference require resource intensive and time consuming kernel profiling ill-suited for runtime scheduling decisions. Current DL system resource management are not designed to deal with these problems. This paper proposes Horus, an interference-aware resource manager for DL systems. Instead of leveraging expensive kernel-profiling, our approach estimates job resource utilization and co-location patterns to determine effective DL job placement to minimize likelihood of interference, as well as improve system resource utilization and makespan. Our analysis shows that interference cause up to 3.2x DL job slowdown. We integrated our approach within the Kubernetes resource manager, and conduct experiments in a DL cluster by training 2,500 DL jobs using 13 different models types. Results demonstrate that Horus is able to outperform other DL resource managers by up to 61.5% for resource utilization and 33.6% for makespan.