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Horus: Interference-Aware and Prediction-Based Scheduling in Deep Learning Systems

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Article number21015055
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>31/01/2022
<mark>Journal</mark>IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems
Issue number1
Number of pages13
Pages (from-to)88-100
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date11/05/21
<mark>Original language</mark>English


To accelerate the training of Deep Learning (DL) models, clusters of machines equipped with hardware accelerators such as GPUs are leveraged to reduce execution time. State-of-the-art resource managers are needed to increase GPU utilization and maximize throughput. While co-locating DL jobs on the same GPU has been shown to be effective, this can incur interference causing slowdown. In this paper we propose Horus: an interference-aware and prediction-based resource manager for DL systems. Horus proactively predicts GPU utilization of heterogeneous DL jobs extrapolated from the DL model’s computation graph features, removing the need for online profiling and isolated reserved GPUs. Through micro-benchmarks and job co-location combinations across heterogeneous GPU hardware, we identify GPU utilization as a general proxy metric to determine good placement decisions, in contrast to current approaches which reserve isolated GPUs to perform online profiling and directly measure GPU utilization for each unique submitted job. Our approach promotes high resource utilization and makespan reduction; via real-world experimentation and large-scale trace driven simulation, we demonstrate that Horus outperforms other DL resource managers by up to 61.5% for GPU resource utilization, 23.7–30.7% for makespan reduction and 68.3% in job wait time reduction.