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How to quantify exposure to traumatic stress? Reliability and predictive validity of measures for cumulative trauma exposure in a post-conflict population

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How to quantify exposure to traumatic stress? Reliability and predictive validity of measures for cumulative trauma exposure in a post-conflict population. / Wilker, Sarah; Pfeiffer, Anett; Kolassa, Stephan et al.

In: European Journal of Psychotraumatology, Vol. 6, No. 1, 28306, 01.12.2015.

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Wilker S, Pfeiffer A, Kolassa S, Koslowski D, Elbert T, Kolassa I-T. How to quantify exposure to traumatic stress? Reliability and predictive validity of measures for cumulative trauma exposure in a post-conflict population. European Journal of Psychotraumatology. 2015 Dec 1;6(1):28306. doi: 10.3402/ejpt.v6.28306

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@article{ead1d675e74a4eb190b9a47092cfe9e8,
title = "How to quantify exposure to traumatic stress? Reliability and predictive validity of measures for cumulative trauma exposure in a post-conflict population",
abstract = "BackgroundWhile studies with survivors of single traumatic experiences highlight individual response variation following trauma, research from conflict regions shows that almost everyone develops posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) if trauma exposure reaches extreme levels. Therefore, evaluating the effects of cumulative trauma exposure is of utmost importance in studies investigating risk factors for PTSD. Yet, little research has been devoted to evaluate how this important environmental risk factor can be best quantified.MethodsWe investigated the retest reliability and predictive validity of different trauma measures in a sample of 227 Ugandan rebel war survivors. Trauma exposure was modeled as the number of traumatic event types experienced or as a score considering traumatic event frequencies. In addition, we investigated whether age at trauma exposure can be reliably measured and improves PTSD risk prediction.ResultsAll trauma measures showed good reliability. While prediction of lifetime PTSD was most accurate from the number of different traumatic event types experienced, inclusion of event frequencies slightly improved the prediction of current PTSD.ConclusionsAs assessing the number of traumatic events experienced is the least stressful and time-consuming assessment and leads to the best prediction of lifetime PTSD, we recommend this measure for research on PTSD etiology.",
author = "Sarah Wilker and Anett Pfeiffer and Stephan Kolassa and Daniela Koslowski and Thomas Elbert and Iris-Tatjana Kolassa",
year = "2015",
month = dec,
day = "1",
doi = "10.3402/ejpt.v6.28306",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
journal = "European Journal of Psychotraumatology",
issn = "2000-8198",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - How to quantify exposure to traumatic stress? Reliability and predictive validity of measures for cumulative trauma exposure in a post-conflict population

AU - Wilker, Sarah

AU - Pfeiffer, Anett

AU - Kolassa, Stephan

AU - Koslowski, Daniela

AU - Elbert, Thomas

AU - Kolassa, Iris-Tatjana

PY - 2015/12/1

Y1 - 2015/12/1

N2 - BackgroundWhile studies with survivors of single traumatic experiences highlight individual response variation following trauma, research from conflict regions shows that almost everyone develops posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) if trauma exposure reaches extreme levels. Therefore, evaluating the effects of cumulative trauma exposure is of utmost importance in studies investigating risk factors for PTSD. Yet, little research has been devoted to evaluate how this important environmental risk factor can be best quantified.MethodsWe investigated the retest reliability and predictive validity of different trauma measures in a sample of 227 Ugandan rebel war survivors. Trauma exposure was modeled as the number of traumatic event types experienced or as a score considering traumatic event frequencies. In addition, we investigated whether age at trauma exposure can be reliably measured and improves PTSD risk prediction.ResultsAll trauma measures showed good reliability. While prediction of lifetime PTSD was most accurate from the number of different traumatic event types experienced, inclusion of event frequencies slightly improved the prediction of current PTSD.ConclusionsAs assessing the number of traumatic events experienced is the least stressful and time-consuming assessment and leads to the best prediction of lifetime PTSD, we recommend this measure for research on PTSD etiology.

AB - BackgroundWhile studies with survivors of single traumatic experiences highlight individual response variation following trauma, research from conflict regions shows that almost everyone develops posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) if trauma exposure reaches extreme levels. Therefore, evaluating the effects of cumulative trauma exposure is of utmost importance in studies investigating risk factors for PTSD. Yet, little research has been devoted to evaluate how this important environmental risk factor can be best quantified.MethodsWe investigated the retest reliability and predictive validity of different trauma measures in a sample of 227 Ugandan rebel war survivors. Trauma exposure was modeled as the number of traumatic event types experienced or as a score considering traumatic event frequencies. In addition, we investigated whether age at trauma exposure can be reliably measured and improves PTSD risk prediction.ResultsAll trauma measures showed good reliability. While prediction of lifetime PTSD was most accurate from the number of different traumatic event types experienced, inclusion of event frequencies slightly improved the prediction of current PTSD.ConclusionsAs assessing the number of traumatic events experienced is the least stressful and time-consuming assessment and leads to the best prediction of lifetime PTSD, we recommend this measure for research on PTSD etiology.

U2 - 10.3402/ejpt.v6.28306

DO - 10.3402/ejpt.v6.28306

M3 - Journal article

VL - 6

JO - European Journal of Psychotraumatology

JF - European Journal of Psychotraumatology

SN - 2000-8198

IS - 1

M1 - 28306

ER -