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IEEE P7001: A New Standard on Transparency

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

  • Alan Winfield
  • Serena Booth
  • Louise Dennis
  • Takashi Egawa
  • Helen Hastie
  • Naomi Jacobs
  • Roderick Muttram
  • Joanna Olszewska
  • Fahimeh Rajabiyazdi
  • Andreas Thedorou
  • Mark Underwood
  • Robert Wortham
  • Eleanor Watson
Article number665729
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>26/07/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>Frontiers in Robotics and AI
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date5/07/21
<mark>Original language</mark>English


This paper describes IEEE P7001, a new draft standard on transparency of autonomous systems. In the paper, we outline the development and structure of the draft standard. We present the rationale for transparency as a measurable, testable property. We outline five stakeholder groups: users, the general public and bystanders, safety certification agencies, incident/accident investigators and lawyers/expert witnesses, and explain the thinking behind the normative definitions of “levels” of transparency for each stakeholder group in P7001. The paper illustrates the application of P7001 through worked examples of both specification and assessment of fictional autonomous systems.