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    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 9, 1, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.jece.2020.105021

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Impact of sulphuric, hydrochloric, nitric, and lactic acids in the preparation of a blend of agro-industrial digestate and wood ash to produce a novel fertiliser

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@article{d8e2680abceb4d0ca919c2c42738ae59,
title = "Impact of sulphuric, hydrochloric, nitric, and lactic acids in the preparation of a blend of agro-industrial digestate and wood ash to produce a novel fertiliser",
abstract = "Anaerobic digestate is a waste product of biogas generation which is produced in large amounts and, because of its high water content, it is expensive to store, transport, and spread to land. Additionally, special conditions are required for land application to minimise the losses of nutrients. This material is primarily used as source of organic matter for soil while farmers continue to rely on NPK chemical fertilisers, which are produced using energy intensive processes. This work evaluated the use of low-pollutant biomass bottom ash as an adsorbent to decrease the availability and the losses of carbon and nutrients. A number of acidification conditions were tested to enhance the adsorption and to improve the dewaterability of the organic waste. The final blend was intended to have a more balanced nutrient profile and to offer better performance in terms of crop growth than the digestate alone. The severe acidifications of the digestate and ash using sulphuric, hydrochloric, nitric, and lactic acids increased more than twice the amount of ammonia which remained in the digestate-ash blend. Hydrochloric acid was found to be the best option for preparation of the ash as sorbent, before mixing with the digestate, and to promote dehydration of the blend to enhance solid-liquid separation. This acid did not reduce the number of active sites in the ash, to promote the chemical stabilisation of the digestate; the addition of the acidified ash reduced the pH below that of the digestate thereby reducing the volatilisation of NH3 from the blend. ",
keywords = "Waste-derived fertilizer, Ammonia volatilisation, Abiotic denitrification, Acidification, Sorption",
author = "{Moure Abelenda}, Alejandro and Kirk Semple and {Lag Brotons}, Alfonso and George Aggidis and Ben Herbert and Farid Aiouache",
note = "This is the author{\textquoteright}s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 9, 1, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.jece.2020.105021",
year = "2021",
month = feb,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jece.2020.105021",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering",
issn = "2213-2929",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of sulphuric, hydrochloric, nitric, and lactic acids in the preparation of a blend of agro-industrial digestate and wood ash to produce a novel fertiliser

AU - Moure Abelenda, Alejandro

AU - Semple, Kirk

AU - Lag Brotons, Alfonso

AU - Aggidis, George

AU - Herbert, Ben

AU - Aiouache, Farid

N1 - This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 9, 1, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.jece.2020.105021

PY - 2021/2/1

Y1 - 2021/2/1

N2 - Anaerobic digestate is a waste product of biogas generation which is produced in large amounts and, because of its high water content, it is expensive to store, transport, and spread to land. Additionally, special conditions are required for land application to minimise the losses of nutrients. This material is primarily used as source of organic matter for soil while farmers continue to rely on NPK chemical fertilisers, which are produced using energy intensive processes. This work evaluated the use of low-pollutant biomass bottom ash as an adsorbent to decrease the availability and the losses of carbon and nutrients. A number of acidification conditions were tested to enhance the adsorption and to improve the dewaterability of the organic waste. The final blend was intended to have a more balanced nutrient profile and to offer better performance in terms of crop growth than the digestate alone. The severe acidifications of the digestate and ash using sulphuric, hydrochloric, nitric, and lactic acids increased more than twice the amount of ammonia which remained in the digestate-ash blend. Hydrochloric acid was found to be the best option for preparation of the ash as sorbent, before mixing with the digestate, and to promote dehydration of the blend to enhance solid-liquid separation. This acid did not reduce the number of active sites in the ash, to promote the chemical stabilisation of the digestate; the addition of the acidified ash reduced the pH below that of the digestate thereby reducing the volatilisation of NH3 from the blend.

AB - Anaerobic digestate is a waste product of biogas generation which is produced in large amounts and, because of its high water content, it is expensive to store, transport, and spread to land. Additionally, special conditions are required for land application to minimise the losses of nutrients. This material is primarily used as source of organic matter for soil while farmers continue to rely on NPK chemical fertilisers, which are produced using energy intensive processes. This work evaluated the use of low-pollutant biomass bottom ash as an adsorbent to decrease the availability and the losses of carbon and nutrients. A number of acidification conditions were tested to enhance the adsorption and to improve the dewaterability of the organic waste. The final blend was intended to have a more balanced nutrient profile and to offer better performance in terms of crop growth than the digestate alone. The severe acidifications of the digestate and ash using sulphuric, hydrochloric, nitric, and lactic acids increased more than twice the amount of ammonia which remained in the digestate-ash blend. Hydrochloric acid was found to be the best option for preparation of the ash as sorbent, before mixing with the digestate, and to promote dehydration of the blend to enhance solid-liquid separation. This acid did not reduce the number of active sites in the ash, to promote the chemical stabilisation of the digestate; the addition of the acidified ash reduced the pH below that of the digestate thereby reducing the volatilisation of NH3 from the blend.

KW - Waste-derived fertilizer

KW - Ammonia volatilisation

KW - Abiotic denitrification

KW - Acidification

KW - Sorption

U2 - 10.1016/j.jece.2020.105021

DO - 10.1016/j.jece.2020.105021

M3 - Journal article

VL - 9

JO - Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering

JF - Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering

SN - 2213-2929

IS - 1

M1 - 105021

ER -