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  • 2020mahmudPhD

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Implementing environmental management: The impact of organisational internal/external factors and the outcome on product innovation among manufacturing firms

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

Publication date2020
Number of pages183
Awarding Institution
  • Lancaster University
Thesis sponsors
  • Ministry of Higher Education
  • Universiti Putra Malaysia
Award date11/12/2020
  • Lancaster University
<mark>Original language</mark>English


This dissertation investigated the antecedent and outcome of environmental management. The study started with a comprehensive literature review on the antecedent of environmental management (Study 1). For this, I focused on how firms’ level of decentralisation can influence environmental management practices and how external factors (social relationship, global awareness and technological dynamic) moderated these relationships (Study 2). Furthermore, I looked into the configuration approach to firms’ environmental management practices that accounted for their internal resources (absorptive capability, decentralisation, firm size and social ties with customers) and external involvement (global awareness on the environment) (Study 3). To address the topic on the outcome of environmental management, the study focused on how product innovations (product exploration and product exploitation) were influenced by environmental management and the extent to which dynamic capabilities (absorptive capability and transformative capability) moderated these relationships (Study 4). Based on surveys among manufacturing firms in the United Kingdom (UK) (n=106) and Malaysia (n=107), this study found that highly decentralised firms encouraged the practice of environmental management, which further positively influenced firms’ product exploration and product exploitation. Besides that, this study found that a combination of presence of internal resources and external involvements promoted high environmental management.