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  • Parry_Essays_201802_Accepted

    Rights statement: © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society

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Increasing metabolic potential: C-fixation

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>13/04/2018
<mark>Journal</mark>Essays in Biochemistry
Issue number1
Volume62
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)109-118
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Due to a growing world population, crop yields must increase to meet rising demand. Crop plants also require adaptation to optimise performance in the changing environments caused by climate change. Improving photosynthetic carbon fixation is a promising, albeit technically challenging, strategy whose potential has only just begun to be considered in breeding programs. Rubisco, a fundamental enzyme of carbon fixation, is extremely inefficient and many strategies to improve photosynthesis focus on overcoming the limitations of this enzyme, either by improving Rubisco activity and regulation or by improving the supply of substrates. Although progress is being made, the need to tailor solutions for each crop and their respective environments has been highlighted. Even so, continuing research will be required to achieve these objectives and to grow crops more sustainably in the future.

Bibliographic note

© 2018 The Author(s). Published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society