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Increasing the thermopower of crown-ether-bridged anthraquinones

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Increasing the thermopower of crown-ether-bridged anthraquinones. / Ismael, Ali K.; Grace, Iain; Lambert, Colin J.

In: Nanoscale, Vol. 7, No. 41, 07.11.2015, p. 17338-17342.

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@article{73d34bf98301485884c468f3f62f9d8a,
title = "Increasing the thermopower of crown-ether-bridged anthraquinones",
abstract = "We investigate strategies for increasing the thermopower of crown-ether-bridged anthraquinones. The novel design feature of these molecules is the presence of either (1) crown-ether or (2) diaza-crown-ether bridges attached to the side of the current-carrying anthraquinone wire. The crown-ether side groups selectively bind alkali-metal cations and when combined with TCNE or TTF dopants, provide a large phase-space for optimising thermoelectric properties. We find that the optimum combination of cations and dopants depends on the temperature range of interest. The thermopowers of both 1 and 2 are negative and at room temperature are optimised by binding with TTF alone, achieving thermpowers of -600 mu V K-1 and -285 mu V K-1 respectively. At much lower temperatures, which are relevant to cascade coolers, we find that for 1, a combination of TTF and Na+ yields a maximum thermopower of -710 mu V K-1 at 70 K, whereas a combination of TTF and Li+ yields a maximum thermopower of -600 mu V K-1 at 90 K. For 2, we find that TTF doping yields a maximum thermopower of -800 mu VK-1 at 90 K, whereas at 50 K, the largest thermopower (of -600 mu V K-1) is obtain by a combination TTF and K+ doping. At room temperature, we obtain power factors of 73 mu W m(-1) K-2 for 1 (in combination with TTF and Na+) and 90 mu W m(-1) K-2 for 2 (with TTF). These are higher or comparable with reported power factors of other organic materials.",
keywords = "THERMOELECTRIC PERFORMANCE, DEVICES, MERIT",
author = "Ismael, {Ali K.} and Iain Grace and Lambert, {Colin J.}",
year = "2015",
month = nov,
day = "7",
doi = "10.1039/c5nr04907e",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "17338--17342",
journal = "Nanoscale",
issn = "2040-3364",
publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry",
number = "41",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Increasing the thermopower of crown-ether-bridged anthraquinones

AU - Ismael, Ali K.

AU - Grace, Iain

AU - Lambert, Colin J.

PY - 2015/11/7

Y1 - 2015/11/7

N2 - We investigate strategies for increasing the thermopower of crown-ether-bridged anthraquinones. The novel design feature of these molecules is the presence of either (1) crown-ether or (2) diaza-crown-ether bridges attached to the side of the current-carrying anthraquinone wire. The crown-ether side groups selectively bind alkali-metal cations and when combined with TCNE or TTF dopants, provide a large phase-space for optimising thermoelectric properties. We find that the optimum combination of cations and dopants depends on the temperature range of interest. The thermopowers of both 1 and 2 are negative and at room temperature are optimised by binding with TTF alone, achieving thermpowers of -600 mu V K-1 and -285 mu V K-1 respectively. At much lower temperatures, which are relevant to cascade coolers, we find that for 1, a combination of TTF and Na+ yields a maximum thermopower of -710 mu V K-1 at 70 K, whereas a combination of TTF and Li+ yields a maximum thermopower of -600 mu V K-1 at 90 K. For 2, we find that TTF doping yields a maximum thermopower of -800 mu VK-1 at 90 K, whereas at 50 K, the largest thermopower (of -600 mu V K-1) is obtain by a combination TTF and K+ doping. At room temperature, we obtain power factors of 73 mu W m(-1) K-2 for 1 (in combination with TTF and Na+) and 90 mu W m(-1) K-2 for 2 (with TTF). These are higher or comparable with reported power factors of other organic materials.

AB - We investigate strategies for increasing the thermopower of crown-ether-bridged anthraquinones. The novel design feature of these molecules is the presence of either (1) crown-ether or (2) diaza-crown-ether bridges attached to the side of the current-carrying anthraquinone wire. The crown-ether side groups selectively bind alkali-metal cations and when combined with TCNE or TTF dopants, provide a large phase-space for optimising thermoelectric properties. We find that the optimum combination of cations and dopants depends on the temperature range of interest. The thermopowers of both 1 and 2 are negative and at room temperature are optimised by binding with TTF alone, achieving thermpowers of -600 mu V K-1 and -285 mu V K-1 respectively. At much lower temperatures, which are relevant to cascade coolers, we find that for 1, a combination of TTF and Na+ yields a maximum thermopower of -710 mu V K-1 at 70 K, whereas a combination of TTF and Li+ yields a maximum thermopower of -600 mu V K-1 at 90 K. For 2, we find that TTF doping yields a maximum thermopower of -800 mu VK-1 at 90 K, whereas at 50 K, the largest thermopower (of -600 mu V K-1) is obtain by a combination TTF and K+ doping. At room temperature, we obtain power factors of 73 mu W m(-1) K-2 for 1 (in combination with TTF and Na+) and 90 mu W m(-1) K-2 for 2 (with TTF). These are higher or comparable with reported power factors of other organic materials.

KW - THERMOELECTRIC PERFORMANCE

KW - DEVICES

KW - MERIT

U2 - 10.1039/c5nr04907e

DO - 10.1039/c5nr04907e

M3 - Journal article

VL - 7

SP - 17338

EP - 17342

JO - Nanoscale

JF - Nanoscale

SN - 2040-3364

IS - 41

ER -