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Insights into the micromechanical response of adhesive joint with stochastic surface micro-roughness

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Article number108954
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>31/01/2023
<mark>Journal</mark>Engineering Fracture Mechanics
Number of pages19
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date25/11/22
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Micro-roughness at adhesion surface yields significant influences on the structural behaviour of adhesive joints. Investigations into the micromechanical mechanism are extremely limited. This works developed a novel particle-based model of joints with stochastic microstructural features of roughness, which can capture refined multi-scale responses as first of this kind. Aluminium adherends with mechanical surface treatments were firstly scanned using 3D laser scanning microscope. The statistical features and reconstruction method of micro-roughness profiles were determined. Single lap shear tests on joints made of epoxy adhesive (Loctite EA 9497) and treated aluminium adherends were performed to provide testing data and observations on failure modes. The refined numerical models were subsequently developed to examine the influences of the actual micro-roughness on the micromechanical behaviors and failure mechanism. The mechanical interlocking, mitigation on crack propagation due to the irregular roughness were investigated. It is followed by introducing the reconstructed roughness of various magnitudes and further numerically examining the micromechanical responses by key stochastic parameters such as root mean square roughness and correlation length. The results indicate that the mechanical interlocking contribute more to enhancing the joint strength than the increase of adhesion area by micro-roughness. A rougher surface in either horizontal or vertical directions does not exhibit a consistent improvement of joint strength, which also depends on the threshold of roughness and the surface skewness triggering the transition of failure modes.