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Instrumental variable estimation of causal risk ratios and causal odds ratios in Mendelian randomization analyses

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Instrumental variable estimation of causal risk ratios and causal odds ratios in Mendelian randomization analyses. / Palmer, Tom M.; Sterne, Jonathan A. C.; Harbord, Roger M.; Lawlor, Debbie A.; Sheehan, Nuala A.; Meng, Sha; Granell, Raquel; Smith, George Davey; Didelez, Vanessa.

In: American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 173, No. 12, 15.06.2011, p. 1392-1403.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Palmer, TM, Sterne, JAC, Harbord, RM, Lawlor, DA, Sheehan, NA, Meng, S, Granell, R, Smith, GD & Didelez, V 2011, 'Instrumental variable estimation of causal risk ratios and causal odds ratios in Mendelian randomization analyses', American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 173, no. 12, pp. 1392-1403. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwr026

APA

Palmer, T. M., Sterne, J. A. C., Harbord, R. M., Lawlor, D. A., Sheehan, N. A., Meng, S., Granell, R., Smith, G. D., & Didelez, V. (2011). Instrumental variable estimation of causal risk ratios and causal odds ratios in Mendelian randomization analyses. American Journal of Epidemiology, 173(12), 1392-1403. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwr026

Vancouver

Palmer TM, Sterne JAC, Harbord RM, Lawlor DA, Sheehan NA, Meng S et al. Instrumental variable estimation of causal risk ratios and causal odds ratios in Mendelian randomization analyses. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2011 Jun 15;173(12):1392-1403. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwr026

Author

Palmer, Tom M. ; Sterne, Jonathan A. C. ; Harbord, Roger M. ; Lawlor, Debbie A. ; Sheehan, Nuala A. ; Meng, Sha ; Granell, Raquel ; Smith, George Davey ; Didelez, Vanessa. / Instrumental variable estimation of causal risk ratios and causal odds ratios in Mendelian randomization analyses. In: American Journal of Epidemiology. 2011 ; Vol. 173, No. 12. pp. 1392-1403.

Bibtex

@article{b5692b3f5e734d9eb1910cc3ac76254d,
title = "Instrumental variable estimation of causal risk ratios and causal odds ratios in Mendelian randomization analyses",
abstract = "In this paper, the authors describe different instrumental variable (IV) estimators of causal risk ratios and odds ratios with particular attention to methods that can handle continuously measured exposures. The authors present this discussion in the context of a Mendelian randomization analysis of the effect of body mass index (BMI; weight (kg)/height (m)(2)) on the risk of asthma at age 7 years (Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, 1991-1992). The authors show that the multiplicative structural mean model (MSMM) and the multiplicative generalized method of moments (MGMM) estimator produce identical estimates of the causal risk ratio. In the example, MSMM and MGMM estimates suggested an inverse relation between BMI and asthma but other IV estimates suggested a positive relation, although all estimates had wide confidence intervals. An interaction between the associations of BMI and fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) genotype with asthma explained the different directions of the different estimates, and a simulation study supported the observation that MSMM/MGMM estimators are negatively correlated with the other estimators when such an interaction is present. The authors conclude that point estimates from various IV methods can differ in practical applications. Based on the theoretical properties of the estimators, structural mean models make weaker assumptions than other IV estimators and can therefore be expected to be consistent in a wider range of situations.",
keywords = "Asthma, Body Mass Index, Causality, Child, Confounding Factors (Epidemiology), Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Mendelian Randomization Analysis, Odds Ratio",
author = "Palmer, {Tom M.} and Sterne, {Jonathan A. C.} and Harbord, {Roger M.} and Lawlor, {Debbie A.} and Sheehan, {Nuala A.} and Sha Meng and Raquel Granell and Smith, {George Davey} and Vanessa Didelez",
year = "2011",
month = jun,
day = "15",
doi = "10.1093/aje/kwr026",
language = "English",
volume = "173",
pages = "1392--1403",
journal = "American Journal of Epidemiology",
issn = "0002-9262",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Instrumental variable estimation of causal risk ratios and causal odds ratios in Mendelian randomization analyses

AU - Palmer, Tom M.

AU - Sterne, Jonathan A. C.

AU - Harbord, Roger M.

AU - Lawlor, Debbie A.

AU - Sheehan, Nuala A.

AU - Meng, Sha

AU - Granell, Raquel

AU - Smith, George Davey

AU - Didelez, Vanessa

PY - 2011/6/15

Y1 - 2011/6/15

N2 - In this paper, the authors describe different instrumental variable (IV) estimators of causal risk ratios and odds ratios with particular attention to methods that can handle continuously measured exposures. The authors present this discussion in the context of a Mendelian randomization analysis of the effect of body mass index (BMI; weight (kg)/height (m)(2)) on the risk of asthma at age 7 years (Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, 1991-1992). The authors show that the multiplicative structural mean model (MSMM) and the multiplicative generalized method of moments (MGMM) estimator produce identical estimates of the causal risk ratio. In the example, MSMM and MGMM estimates suggested an inverse relation between BMI and asthma but other IV estimates suggested a positive relation, although all estimates had wide confidence intervals. An interaction between the associations of BMI and fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) genotype with asthma explained the different directions of the different estimates, and a simulation study supported the observation that MSMM/MGMM estimators are negatively correlated with the other estimators when such an interaction is present. The authors conclude that point estimates from various IV methods can differ in practical applications. Based on the theoretical properties of the estimators, structural mean models make weaker assumptions than other IV estimators and can therefore be expected to be consistent in a wider range of situations.

AB - In this paper, the authors describe different instrumental variable (IV) estimators of causal risk ratios and odds ratios with particular attention to methods that can handle continuously measured exposures. The authors present this discussion in the context of a Mendelian randomization analysis of the effect of body mass index (BMI; weight (kg)/height (m)(2)) on the risk of asthma at age 7 years (Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, 1991-1992). The authors show that the multiplicative structural mean model (MSMM) and the multiplicative generalized method of moments (MGMM) estimator produce identical estimates of the causal risk ratio. In the example, MSMM and MGMM estimates suggested an inverse relation between BMI and asthma but other IV estimates suggested a positive relation, although all estimates had wide confidence intervals. An interaction between the associations of BMI and fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) genotype with asthma explained the different directions of the different estimates, and a simulation study supported the observation that MSMM/MGMM estimators are negatively correlated with the other estimators when such an interaction is present. The authors conclude that point estimates from various IV methods can differ in practical applications. Based on the theoretical properties of the estimators, structural mean models make weaker assumptions than other IV estimators and can therefore be expected to be consistent in a wider range of situations.

KW - Asthma

KW - Body Mass Index

KW - Causality

KW - Child

KW - Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Longitudinal Studies

KW - Male

KW - Mendelian Randomization Analysis

KW - Odds Ratio

U2 - 10.1093/aje/kwr026

DO - 10.1093/aje/kwr026

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 21555716

VL - 173

SP - 1392

EP - 1403

JO - American Journal of Epidemiology

JF - American Journal of Epidemiology

SN - 0002-9262

IS - 12

ER -