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  • 2017nooriphd

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Integrated optical components for quantum key distribution

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

Publication date2017
Number of pages153
Awarding Institution
  • Lancaster University
<mark>Original language</mark>English


The security of current public key cryptosystems, such as RSA, depends on the difficulty of computing certain functions known as trapdoor functions. However, as computational resources become more abundant with the fast development of super- and quantum computers, relying on such methods for communication security becomes risky. Quantum key distribution (QKD), is a potential solution that can allow theoretically secure key exchange for future communications. Chip-scale integration of this solution for securing communication of embedded systems and hand held devices demands miniaturizing the optical components that are used in typical QKD boxes, hence reducing its size and cost. The aim of the work in this thesis is firstly investigating novel approaches to realising integrable single photon sources and detectors for applications such as QKD, and secondly proposing a chip-scale integrated QKD system with efficient and optimised optical components.
In the first part of the thesis, a model for coupling 2D material emitters to rod-type photonic cavities is studied for room temperature single photon sources. Our investigated approach allows better coupling between the emitter and the cavity modes than conventional methods, while increasing light collection ratio. In the second part, site-controlled growth of semiconductor III-V nanowires on Si for photodetection applications is achieved by fabricating the sites using electron-beam lithography and wet etching. Studies were also carried out to investigate the effect of the wafer’s growth temperature on the nanowire formation. Finally, a model was proposed for realising a chip-scale QKD system using photonic crystals as a photonic circuit platform. The work involves increasing the Q-factor of the cavity single photon source, increasing cavity waveguide coupling, reducing losses in beam splitters and out-couplers. A final model of a chip-scale QKD system which involves the optimised components is proposed at the end of the thesis.