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Intermittency and correlations in hadronic Z0 decays

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

  • OPAL Collaboration
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>11/1999
<mark>Journal</mark>European Physical Journal C: Particles and Fields
Issue number2
Number of pages12
Pages (from-to)239-250
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


A multidimensional study of local multiplicity fluctuations and multiparticle correlations of hadrons produced in Z0 decays is performed. The study is based on the data sample of more than 4×106 events recorded with the OPAL detector at LEP. The fluctuations and correlations are analysed in terms of the normalized scaled factorial moments and cumulants up to the fifth order. The moments are observed to have intermittency-like behaviour, which is found to be more pronounced with increasing dimension. The large data sample allows for the first time a study of the factorial cumulants in e+e− annihilation. The analysis of the cumulants shows the existence of genuine multiparticle correlations with a strong intermittency rise up to higher orders. These correlations are found to be stronger in higher dimensions. The decomposition of the factorial moments into lower-order correlations shows that the dynamical fluctuations have important contributions from genuine many-particle correlations. The Monte Carlo models Jetset 7.4 and Herwig 5.9 are found to reproduce the trend of the measured moments and cumulants but they underestimate the magnitudes. The results are found to be consistent with QCD jet formation dynamics, although additional contributions from other mechanisms cannot be excluded.