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    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Environmental Pollution. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Environmental Pollution, 263, Part A, 2020 DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114419

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Interrogating cadmium and lead biosorption mechanisms by Simplicillium chinense via infrared spectroscopy

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published
Article number114419
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/08/2020
<mark>Journal</mark>Environmental Pollution
Volume263
Number of pages9
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date19/03/20
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Fungi-associated phytoremediation is an environmentally friendly and cost-efficient approach to remove potential toxic elements (PTEs) from contaminated soils. Many fungal strains have been reported to possess PTE-biosorption behaviour which benefits phytoremediation performance. Nevertheless, most studies are limited in rich or defined medium, far away from the real-world scenarios where nutrients are deficient. Understanding fungal PTE-biosorption performance and influential factors in soil environment can expand their application potential and is urgently needed. This study applied attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) coupled with phenotypic microarrays to study the biospectral alterations of a fungal strain Simplicillium chinense QD10 and explore the mechanisms of Cd and Pb biosorption. Both Cd and Pb were efficiently adsorbed by S. chinense QD10 cultivated with 48 different carbon sources and the biosorption efficiency achieved >90%. As the first study using spectroscopic tools to analyse PTE-biosorption by fungal cells in a high-throughput manner, our results indicated that spectral biomarkers associated with phosphor-lipids and proteins (1745 cm−1, 1456 cm−1 and 1396 cm−1) were significantly correlated with Cd biosorption, suggesting the cell wall components of S. chinense QD10 as the primary interactive targets. In contrast, there was no any spectral biomarker associated with Pb biosorption. Addtionally, adsorption isotherms evidenced a Langmuir model for Cd biosorption but a Freundlich model for Pb biosorption. Accordingly, Pb and Cd biosorption by S. chinense QD10 followed discriminating mechanisms, specific adsorption on cell membrane for Cd and unspecific extracellular precipitation for Pb. This work lends new insights into the mechanisms of PTE-biosorption via IR spectrochemical tools, which provide more comprehensive clues for biosorption behaviour with a nondestructive and high-throughput manner solving the traditional technical barrier regarding the real-world scenarios.

Bibliographic note

This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Environmental Pollution. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Environmental Pollution, 263, Part A, 2020 DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114419