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Investigating the influence of the jet from three nozzle and spear design configurations on Pelton runner performance by numerical simulation

Research output: Contribution to conference - Without ISBN/ISSN Conference paperpeer-review

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Investigating the influence of the jet from three nozzle and spear design configurations on Pelton runner performance by numerical simulation. / Petley, Sean; Panagiotopoulos, Alexandros; Benzon, Shaun; Zidonis, Audrius; Aggidis, George Athanasios; Anagnostopoulos, Ioannis; Papantonis, Dimitrios.

2018. Paper presented at 29th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems , Kyoto, Japan.

Research output: Contribution to conference - Without ISBN/ISSN Conference paperpeer-review

Harvard

Petley, S, Panagiotopoulos, A, Benzon, S, Zidonis, A, Aggidis, GA, Anagnostopoulos, I & Papantonis, D 2018, 'Investigating the influence of the jet from three nozzle and spear design configurations on Pelton runner performance by numerical simulation', Paper presented at 29th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems , Kyoto, Japan, 17/09/18 - 21/09/18.

APA

Petley, S., Panagiotopoulos, A., Benzon, S., Zidonis, A., Aggidis, G. A., Anagnostopoulos, I., & Papantonis, D. (2018). Investigating the influence of the jet from three nozzle and spear design configurations on Pelton runner performance by numerical simulation. Paper presented at 29th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems , Kyoto, Japan.

Vancouver

Petley S, Panagiotopoulos A, Benzon S, Zidonis A, Aggidis GA, Anagnostopoulos I et al. Investigating the influence of the jet from three nozzle and spear design configurations on Pelton runner performance by numerical simulation. 2018. Paper presented at 29th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems , Kyoto, Japan.

Author

Petley, Sean ; Panagiotopoulos, Alexandros ; Benzon, Shaun ; Zidonis, Audrius ; Aggidis, George Athanasios ; Anagnostopoulos, Ioannis ; Papantonis, Dimitrios. / Investigating the influence of the jet from three nozzle and spear design configurations on Pelton runner performance by numerical simulation. Paper presented at 29th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems , Kyoto, Japan.

Bibtex

@conference{f424ab5dc5774610a35ff39f2db8e57d,
title = "Investigating the influence of the jet from three nozzle and spear design configurations on Pelton runner performance by numerical simulation",
abstract = "This paper reports the initial results of three dimensional CFD simulations of the jet – runner interactions in a twin jet horizontal axis Pelton turbine. More specifically, the analysis examines the impact of the nozzle and spear valve configuration on the performance of the runner. Previous research has identified that injectors with notably steeper nozzle and spear angles attain a higher efficiency than the industry standard. However, experimental testing of the entire Pelton system suggests that there appears to be an upper limit beyond which steeper angled designs are no longer optimal. In order to investigate the apparent difference between the numerical prediction of efficiency for the injector system and the obtained experimental results, four different jet configurations are analysed and compared. In the first configuration, the interaction between the runner and an ideal axisymmetric jet profile is investigated. In the final three configurations the runner has been coupled with the jet profile from the aforementioned injectors, namely the Standard design with nozzle and spear angles of 80° & 55° and two Novel designs with angles 110° & 70° and 150° & 90° respectively. The results are compared by examining the impact the jet shape has on the runner torque profile during the bucket cycle and the influence this has on turbine efficiency. All results provided incorporate the Reynolds-averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) Shear Stress Transport (SST) turbulence model and a two-phase Volume of Fluid (VOF) model, using the ANSYS{\textregistered} FLUENT{\textregistered} code. Therefore, this paper offers new insights into the optimal jet – runner interaction.",
author = "Sean Petley and Alexandros Panagiotopoulos and Shaun Benzon and Audrius Zidonis and Aggidis, {George Athanasios} and Ioannis Anagnostopoulos and Dimitrios Papantonis",
year = "2018",
month = sep,
day = "17",
language = "English",
note = "29th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems ; Conference date: 17-09-2018 Through 21-09-2018",

}

RIS

TY - CONF

T1 - Investigating the influence of the jet from three nozzle and spear design configurations on Pelton runner performance by numerical simulation

AU - Petley, Sean

AU - Panagiotopoulos, Alexandros

AU - Benzon, Shaun

AU - Zidonis, Audrius

AU - Aggidis, George Athanasios

AU - Anagnostopoulos, Ioannis

AU - Papantonis, Dimitrios

PY - 2018/9/17

Y1 - 2018/9/17

N2 - This paper reports the initial results of three dimensional CFD simulations of the jet – runner interactions in a twin jet horizontal axis Pelton turbine. More specifically, the analysis examines the impact of the nozzle and spear valve configuration on the performance of the runner. Previous research has identified that injectors with notably steeper nozzle and spear angles attain a higher efficiency than the industry standard. However, experimental testing of the entire Pelton system suggests that there appears to be an upper limit beyond which steeper angled designs are no longer optimal. In order to investigate the apparent difference between the numerical prediction of efficiency for the injector system and the obtained experimental results, four different jet configurations are analysed and compared. In the first configuration, the interaction between the runner and an ideal axisymmetric jet profile is investigated. In the final three configurations the runner has been coupled with the jet profile from the aforementioned injectors, namely the Standard design with nozzle and spear angles of 80° & 55° and two Novel designs with angles 110° & 70° and 150° & 90° respectively. The results are compared by examining the impact the jet shape has on the runner torque profile during the bucket cycle and the influence this has on turbine efficiency. All results provided incorporate the Reynolds-averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) Shear Stress Transport (SST) turbulence model and a two-phase Volume of Fluid (VOF) model, using the ANSYS® FLUENT® code. Therefore, this paper offers new insights into the optimal jet – runner interaction.

AB - This paper reports the initial results of three dimensional CFD simulations of the jet – runner interactions in a twin jet horizontal axis Pelton turbine. More specifically, the analysis examines the impact of the nozzle and spear valve configuration on the performance of the runner. Previous research has identified that injectors with notably steeper nozzle and spear angles attain a higher efficiency than the industry standard. However, experimental testing of the entire Pelton system suggests that there appears to be an upper limit beyond which steeper angled designs are no longer optimal. In order to investigate the apparent difference between the numerical prediction of efficiency for the injector system and the obtained experimental results, four different jet configurations are analysed and compared. In the first configuration, the interaction between the runner and an ideal axisymmetric jet profile is investigated. In the final three configurations the runner has been coupled with the jet profile from the aforementioned injectors, namely the Standard design with nozzle and spear angles of 80° & 55° and two Novel designs with angles 110° & 70° and 150° & 90° respectively. The results are compared by examining the impact the jet shape has on the runner torque profile during the bucket cycle and the influence this has on turbine efficiency. All results provided incorporate the Reynolds-averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) Shear Stress Transport (SST) turbulence model and a two-phase Volume of Fluid (VOF) model, using the ANSYS® FLUENT® code. Therefore, this paper offers new insights into the optimal jet – runner interaction.

M3 - Conference paper

T2 - 29th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems

Y2 - 17 September 2018 through 21 September 2018

ER -