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    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Advances in Space Research. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Advances in Space Research, 64, 1, 2019 DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2019.03.028

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Investigation of incoherent scatter radar spectra features with stimulated electromagnetic emissions at EISCAT

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Investigation of incoherent scatter radar spectra features with stimulated electromagnetic emissions at EISCAT. / Mahmoudian, A.; Senior, A.; Kosch, M.; Scales, W.A.; Rietveld, M.T.; Isham, B.; Shi, X.; Ruohoniemi, M.

In: Advances in Space Research, Vol. 64, No. 1, 01.07.2019, p. 159-170.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Mahmoudian, A, Senior, A, Kosch, M, Scales, WA, Rietveld, MT, Isham, B, Shi, X & Ruohoniemi, M 2019, 'Investigation of incoherent scatter radar spectra features with stimulated electromagnetic emissions at EISCAT', Advances in Space Research, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 159-170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2019.03.028

APA

Mahmoudian, A., Senior, A., Kosch, M., Scales, W. A., Rietveld, M. T., Isham, B., Shi, X., & Ruohoniemi, M. (2019). Investigation of incoherent scatter radar spectra features with stimulated electromagnetic emissions at EISCAT. Advances in Space Research, 64(1), 159-170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2019.03.028

Vancouver

Mahmoudian A, Senior A, Kosch M, Scales WA, Rietveld MT, Isham B et al. Investigation of incoherent scatter radar spectra features with stimulated electromagnetic emissions at EISCAT. Advances in Space Research. 2019 Jul 1;64(1):159-170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2019.03.028

Author

Mahmoudian, A. ; Senior, A. ; Kosch, M. ; Scales, W.A. ; Rietveld, M.T. ; Isham, B. ; Shi, X. ; Ruohoniemi, M. / Investigation of incoherent scatter radar spectra features with stimulated electromagnetic emissions at EISCAT. In: Advances in Space Research. 2019 ; Vol. 64, No. 1. pp. 159-170.

Bibtex

@article{97b887c623c944ee900f6899a501e1c2,
title = "Investigation of incoherent scatter radar spectra features with stimulated electromagnetic emissions at EISCAT",
abstract = "Electromagnetic (EM) and electrostatic (ES) emissions can be generated in the ionosphere by high-power high-frequency (HF) radio waves transmitted from the ground. The signatures of the EM emissions observed on the ground are known as Stimulated Electromagnetic Emissions (SEE) and can be employed for remote measurement of ionospheric parameters. The experimental data from recent HF heating experiments near the fourth electron gyro-frequency (4f ce ) at EISCAT are presented. This paper compares the temporal behavior of SEE within a few Hertz up to 50 kHz of the transmission frequency to the time evolution of enhanced ion line (EHIL) in the incoherent scatter radar (ISR) spectrum. The correlation of Wideband SEE (WSEE) spectral lines within 1 kHz to 100 kHz such as the downshifted maximum (DM), downshifted peak (DP), and broad upshifted maximum (BUM), with HF enhanced ion lines (EHIL) is shown. It is shown that WSEE spectral lines can be used to reproduce the EHIL characteristics including altitude range, rise and decay time, maximum and minimum amplitude. A data reduction technique is developed to derive ionospheric parameters such as the electron density profile near the interaction altitude, magnetic field strength B 0 as well as the altitude profile of the EHIL using the temporal evolution of WSEE spectral lines near nf ce . {\textcopyright} 2019 COSPAR",
keywords = "Electromagnetic dispersion, Ionosphere, Spectroscopy, Stimulated emission, Water vapor, Broad up-shifted maximum, Electron density profiles, Electron gyro frequency, High power-high frequency, Incoherent scatter radar, Magnetic field strengths, Stimulated electromagnetic emission, Transmission frequencies, Radar",
author = "A. Mahmoudian and A. Senior and M. Kosch and W.A. Scales and M.T. Rietveld and B. Isham and X. Shi and M. Ruohoniemi",
note = "This is the author{\textquoteright}s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Advances in Space Research. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Advances in Space Research, 64, 1, 2019 DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2019.03.028",
year = "2019",
month = jul,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.asr.2019.03.028",
language = "English",
volume = "64",
pages = "159--170",
journal = "Advances in Space Research",
issn = "0273-1177",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Investigation of incoherent scatter radar spectra features with stimulated electromagnetic emissions at EISCAT

AU - Mahmoudian, A.

AU - Senior, A.

AU - Kosch, M.

AU - Scales, W.A.

AU - Rietveld, M.T.

AU - Isham, B.

AU - Shi, X.

AU - Ruohoniemi, M.

N1 - This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Advances in Space Research. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Advances in Space Research, 64, 1, 2019 DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2019.03.028

PY - 2019/7/1

Y1 - 2019/7/1

N2 - Electromagnetic (EM) and electrostatic (ES) emissions can be generated in the ionosphere by high-power high-frequency (HF) radio waves transmitted from the ground. The signatures of the EM emissions observed on the ground are known as Stimulated Electromagnetic Emissions (SEE) and can be employed for remote measurement of ionospheric parameters. The experimental data from recent HF heating experiments near the fourth electron gyro-frequency (4f ce ) at EISCAT are presented. This paper compares the temporal behavior of SEE within a few Hertz up to 50 kHz of the transmission frequency to the time evolution of enhanced ion line (EHIL) in the incoherent scatter radar (ISR) spectrum. The correlation of Wideband SEE (WSEE) spectral lines within 1 kHz to 100 kHz such as the downshifted maximum (DM), downshifted peak (DP), and broad upshifted maximum (BUM), with HF enhanced ion lines (EHIL) is shown. It is shown that WSEE spectral lines can be used to reproduce the EHIL characteristics including altitude range, rise and decay time, maximum and minimum amplitude. A data reduction technique is developed to derive ionospheric parameters such as the electron density profile near the interaction altitude, magnetic field strength B 0 as well as the altitude profile of the EHIL using the temporal evolution of WSEE spectral lines near nf ce . © 2019 COSPAR

AB - Electromagnetic (EM) and electrostatic (ES) emissions can be generated in the ionosphere by high-power high-frequency (HF) radio waves transmitted from the ground. The signatures of the EM emissions observed on the ground are known as Stimulated Electromagnetic Emissions (SEE) and can be employed for remote measurement of ionospheric parameters. The experimental data from recent HF heating experiments near the fourth electron gyro-frequency (4f ce ) at EISCAT are presented. This paper compares the temporal behavior of SEE within a few Hertz up to 50 kHz of the transmission frequency to the time evolution of enhanced ion line (EHIL) in the incoherent scatter radar (ISR) spectrum. The correlation of Wideband SEE (WSEE) spectral lines within 1 kHz to 100 kHz such as the downshifted maximum (DM), downshifted peak (DP), and broad upshifted maximum (BUM), with HF enhanced ion lines (EHIL) is shown. It is shown that WSEE spectral lines can be used to reproduce the EHIL characteristics including altitude range, rise and decay time, maximum and minimum amplitude. A data reduction technique is developed to derive ionospheric parameters such as the electron density profile near the interaction altitude, magnetic field strength B 0 as well as the altitude profile of the EHIL using the temporal evolution of WSEE spectral lines near nf ce . © 2019 COSPAR

KW - Electromagnetic dispersion

KW - Ionosphere

KW - Spectroscopy

KW - Stimulated emission

KW - Water vapor

KW - Broad up-shifted maximum

KW - Electron density profiles

KW - Electron gyro frequency

KW - High power-high frequency

KW - Incoherent scatter radar

KW - Magnetic field strengths

KW - Stimulated electromagnetic emission

KW - Transmission frequencies

KW - Radar

U2 - 10.1016/j.asr.2019.03.028

DO - 10.1016/j.asr.2019.03.028

M3 - Journal article

VL - 64

SP - 159

EP - 170

JO - Advances in Space Research

JF - Advances in Space Research

SN - 0273-1177

IS - 1

ER -