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Li-Doped Bioactive Ceramics: Promising Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

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  • Ahmad Farmani
  • Mohammad Salmeh
  • Zahra Golkar
  • Alaa Moeinzadeh
  • Farzaneh Ghiasi
  • Sara Amirabad
  • Mohammad Shoormeij
  • Forough Mahdavinezhad
  • Simin Momeni
  • Fatemeh Moradbeygi
  • Jafar Ai
  • John Hardy
  • Amir Mostafaei
Article number162
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>24/09/2022
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Functional Biomaterials
Issue number4
Number of pages28
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Lithium (Li) is a metal with critical therapeutic properties ranging from the treatment of bipolar depression to antibacterial, anticancer, antiviral and pro-regenerative effects. This element can be incorporated into the structure of various biomaterials through the inclusion of Li chloride/carbonate into polymeric matrices or being doped in bioceramics. The biocompatibility and multifunctionality of Li-doped bioceramics present many opportunities for biomedical researchers and clinicians. Li-doped bioceramics (capable of immunomodulation) have been used extensively for bone and tooth regeneration, and they have great potential for cartilage/nerve regeneration, osteochondral repair, and wound healing. The synergistic effect of Li in combination with other anticancer drugs as well as the anticancer properties of Li underline the rationale that bioceramics doped with Li may be impactful in cancer treatments. The role of Li in autophagy may explain its impact in regenerative, antiviral, and anticancer research. The combination of Li-doped bioceramics with polymers can provide new biomaterials with suitable flexibility, especially as bio-ink used in 3D printing for clinical applications of tissue engineering. Such Li-doped biomaterials have significant clinical potential in the foreseeable future.