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Mark my words: High frequency marker words impact early stages of language learning

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Mark my words : High frequency marker words impact early stages of language learning. / Frost, Rebecca; Monaghan, Padraic John; Christiansen, Morten H.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, Vol. 45, No. 10, 01.10.2019, p. 1883-1898.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Frost, R, Monaghan, PJ & Christiansen, MH 2019, 'Mark my words: High frequency marker words impact early stages of language learning', Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 1883-1898. https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000683

APA

Frost, R., Monaghan, P. J., & Christiansen, M. H. (2019). Mark my words: High frequency marker words impact early stages of language learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 45(10), 1883-1898. https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000683

Vancouver

Frost R, Monaghan PJ, Christiansen MH. Mark my words: High frequency marker words impact early stages of language learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 2019 Oct 1;45(10):1883-1898. https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000683

Author

Frost, Rebecca ; Monaghan, Padraic John ; Christiansen, Morten H. / Mark my words : High frequency marker words impact early stages of language learning. In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 2019 ; Vol. 45, No. 10. pp. 1883-1898.

Bibtex

@article{9b70dcc04eee4ae1a44332974d46cf0b,
title = "Mark my words: High frequency marker words impact early stages of language learning",
abstract = "High frequency words have been suggested to benefit both speech segmentation and grammatical categorization of the words around them. Despite utilizing similar information, these tasks are usually investigated separately in studies examining learning. We determined whether including high frequency words in continuous speech could support categorization when words are being segmented for the first time. We familiarized learners with continuous artificial speech comprising repetitions of target words. which were preceded by high-frequency marker words. Crucially, marker words distinguished targets into 2 distributionally defined categories. We measured learning with segmentation and categorization tests and compared performance against a control group that heard the artificial speech without these marker words (i.e.. just the targets, with no cues for categorization). Participants segmented the target words from speech in both conditions, but critically when the marker words were present, they influenced acquisition of word-referent mappings in a subsequent transfer task, with participants demonstrating better early learning for mappings that were consistent (rather than inconsistent) with the distributional categories. We propose that high-frequency words may assist early grammatical categorization, while speech segmentation is still being learned.",
author = "Rebecca Frost and Monaghan, {Padraic John} and Christiansen, {Morten H.}",
year = "2019",
month = oct,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/xlm0000683",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "1883--1898",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition",
issn = "0278-7393",
publisher = "AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mark my words

T2 - High frequency marker words impact early stages of language learning

AU - Frost, Rebecca

AU - Monaghan, Padraic John

AU - Christiansen, Morten H.

PY - 2019/10/1

Y1 - 2019/10/1

N2 - High frequency words have been suggested to benefit both speech segmentation and grammatical categorization of the words around them. Despite utilizing similar information, these tasks are usually investigated separately in studies examining learning. We determined whether including high frequency words in continuous speech could support categorization when words are being segmented for the first time. We familiarized learners with continuous artificial speech comprising repetitions of target words. which were preceded by high-frequency marker words. Crucially, marker words distinguished targets into 2 distributionally defined categories. We measured learning with segmentation and categorization tests and compared performance against a control group that heard the artificial speech without these marker words (i.e.. just the targets, with no cues for categorization). Participants segmented the target words from speech in both conditions, but critically when the marker words were present, they influenced acquisition of word-referent mappings in a subsequent transfer task, with participants demonstrating better early learning for mappings that were consistent (rather than inconsistent) with the distributional categories. We propose that high-frequency words may assist early grammatical categorization, while speech segmentation is still being learned.

AB - High frequency words have been suggested to benefit both speech segmentation and grammatical categorization of the words around them. Despite utilizing similar information, these tasks are usually investigated separately in studies examining learning. We determined whether including high frequency words in continuous speech could support categorization when words are being segmented for the first time. We familiarized learners with continuous artificial speech comprising repetitions of target words. which were preceded by high-frequency marker words. Crucially, marker words distinguished targets into 2 distributionally defined categories. We measured learning with segmentation and categorization tests and compared performance against a control group that heard the artificial speech without these marker words (i.e.. just the targets, with no cues for categorization). Participants segmented the target words from speech in both conditions, but critically when the marker words were present, they influenced acquisition of word-referent mappings in a subsequent transfer task, with participants demonstrating better early learning for mappings that were consistent (rather than inconsistent) with the distributional categories. We propose that high-frequency words may assist early grammatical categorization, while speech segmentation is still being learned.

U2 - 10.1037/xlm0000683

DO - 10.1037/xlm0000683

M3 - Journal article

VL - 45

SP - 1883

EP - 1898

JO - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition

JF - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition

SN - 0278-7393

IS - 10

ER -