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Measurement of azimuthal anisotropy of muons from charm and bottom hadrons in Pb+Pb collisions at √sNN=5.02 TeV with the ATLAS detector

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published
Article number135595
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>10/08/2020
<mark>Journal</mark>Phys Lett Sect B Nucl Elem Part High-Energy Phys
Volume807
Number of pages23
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Azimuthal anisotropies of muons from charm and bottom hadron decays are measured in Pb+Pb collisions at √sNN=5.02 TeV. The data were collected with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider in 2015 and 2018 with integrated luminosities of  0.5 nb-1 and 1.4 nb-1, respectively. The kinematic selection for heavy-flavor muons requires transverse momentum 4<pT <30GeV and pseudorapidity ¦η¦ <2.0. The dominant sources of muons in this range are semi-leptonic decays of charm and bottom hadrons. These heavy-flavor muons are separated from light-hadron decay muons and punch-through hadrons using the momentum imbalance between the measurements in the tracking detector and in the muon spectrometers. Azimuthal anisotropies, quantified by flow coefficients, are measured via the event-plane method for inclusive heavy-flavor muons as a function of the muon pT  and in intervals of Pb+Pb collision centrality. Heavy-flavor muons are separated into contributions from charm and bottom hadron decays using the muon transverse impact parameter with respect to the event primary vertex. Non-zero elliptic (ν2) and triangular  (ν3) flow coefficients are extracted for charm and bottom muons, with the charm muon coefficients larger than those for bottom muons for all Pb+Pb collision centralities. The results indicate substantial modification to the charm and bottom quark angular distributions through interactions in the quark-gluon plasma produced in these Pb+Pb collisions, with smaller modifications for the bottom quarks as expected theoretically due to their larger mass.