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Measurement of vector boson production cross sections and their ratios using pp collisions at s=13.6 TeV with the ATLAS detector: Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

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E-pub ahead of print
Article number138725
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>31/07/2024
<mark>Journal</mark>Physics Letters B
Volume854
Publication StatusE-pub ahead of print
Early online date25/05/24
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Fiducial and total W± and Z boson cross sections, their ratios and the ratio of top-antitop-quark pair and W-boson fiducial cross sections are measured in proton–proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of s=13.6 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 29 fb−1 of data collected in 2022 by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. The measured fiducial cross-section values for W+→ℓ+ν, W−→ℓ−ν¯, and Z→ℓ+ℓ− (ℓ=e or μ) boson productions are 4250±150 pb, 3310±120 pb, and 744±20 pb, respectively, where the uncertainty is the total uncertainty, including that arising from the luminosity of about 2.2%. The measurements are in agreement with Standard-Model predictions calculated at next-to-next-to-leading-order in αs, next-to-next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy and next-to-leading-order electroweak accuracy.

Bibliographic note

Export Date: 6 June 2024 CODEN: PYLBA Funding details: Australian Research Council, ARC Funding details: Centre National pour la Recherche Scientifique et Technique, CNRST Funding details: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, FCT Funding details: Cooperative Research Centres, Australian Government Department of Industry, CRCs Funding details: National Science Foundation, NSF Funding details: Science and Technology Facilities Council, STFC Funding details: H2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions, MSCA Funding details: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek, NWO Funding details: Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan, MOST Funding details: Israel Science Foundation, ISF Funding details: Leverhulme Trust Funding details: Baden-Württemberg Stiftung, BWS Funding details: Neubauer Family Foundation, NFF Funding details: Staatssekretariat für Bildung, Forschung und Innovation, SBFI Funding details: Javna Agencija za Raziskovalno Dejavnost RS, ARRS Funding details: Generalitat de Catalunya Funding details: Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, INFN Funding details: Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Wirtschaft, BMWFW Funding details: Austrian Science Fund, FWF Funding details: Agencia Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo, ANID Funding details: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, BMBF Funding details: Canada Foundation for Innovation, CFI Funding details: Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft, HGF Funding details: Danmarks Grundforskningsfond, DNRF Funding details: Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico, CNPq Funding details: Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, KIT Funding details: Canarie Funding details: Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, H2020 Funding details: Göran Gustafssons Stiftelser Funding details: European Commission, EC Funding details: Ministarstvo Prosvete, Nauke i Tehnološkog Razvoja, MPNTR Funding details: U.S. Department of Energy, USDOE Funding details: European Cooperation in Science and Technology, COST Funding details: International Council of Shopping Centers, ICSC Funding details: Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, FAPESP Funding details: Institutul de Fizică Atomică, IFA Funding details: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, NSERC Funding details: Nella and Leon Benoziyo Center for Neurological Diseases, Weizmann Institute of Science Funding details: Irish Rugby Football Union, IRFU Funding details: Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS Funding details: Defence Science Institute, DSI Funding details: Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica, ANPCyT Funding details: Royal Society Funding details: Minerva Foundation Funding details: National Research Foundation, NRF Funding details: Royal Society of South Australia, RSSA Funding details: Ministerstwo Edukacji i Nauki, MNiSW Funding details: Generalitat Valenciana, GVA Funding details: CERN Funding details: Ministerstvo Školství, Mládeže a Tělovýchovy, MŠMT Funding details: National Research Council Canada, NRC Funding details: Brookhaven National Laboratory, BNL Funding details: Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung, AvH Funding details: Multiple Sclerosis Scientific Research Foundation, MSSRF Funding details: Caring Futures Institute, Flinders University, CFI Funding details: British Columbia Knowledge Development Fund, BCKDF Funding details: Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, MEXT Funding details: Norges Forskningsråd, RCN-314472 Funding details: Norges Forskningsråd Funding details: European Regional Development Fund, ERDF, IDIFEDER/2018/048 Funding details: European Regional Development Fund, ERDF Funding details: Center for Advancing Research Impact in Society, ARIS, J1-3010 Funding details: Center for Advancing Research Impact in Society, ARIS Funding details: 21/SCI/017 Funding details: European Research Council, ERC, 101089007, 948254 Funding details: European Research Council, ERC Funding details: Narodowe Centrum Nauki, NCN, 2022/47/B/ST2/03059, UMO-2021/40/C/ST2/00187, UMO-2019/34/E/ST2/00393, UMO-2020/37/B/ST2/01043, 2021/42/E/ST2/00350, UMO-2022/47/O/ST2/00148, UMO-2023/49/B/ST2/04085 Funding details: Narodowe Centrum Nauki, NCN Funding details: 2014-2021 Funding details: CC-IN2P3 Funding details: National Natural Science Foundation of China, NSFC, 12275265, 12175119, NSFC-12075060 Funding details: National Natural Science Foundation of China, NSFC Funding details: Narodowa Agencja Wymiany Akademickiej, NAWA, PPN/PPO/2020/1/00002/U/00001 Funding details: Narodowa Agencja Wymiany Akademickiej, NAWA Funding details: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, DFG, DFG - CR 312/5-2, DFG - 469666862 Funding details: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, DFG Funding details: Forskningsrådet om Hälsa, Arbetsliv och Välfärd, FORTE, CZ.02.01.01/00/22_008/0004632 Funding details: Forskningsrådet om Hälsa, Arbetsliv och Välfärd, FORTE Funding details: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung, SNF, RPG-2020-004, NIF-R1-231091, PCEFP2_194658 Funding details: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung, SNF Funding details: Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico, FONDECYT, 1230987, 1210400, 1190886 Funding details: Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico, FONDECYT Funding details: CHIST-ERA-19-XAI-00 Funding details: ANR-11-LABX-0012 Funding details: Grantová Agentura České Republiky, GA ČR, GACR - 24-11373S Funding details: Grantová Agentura České Republiky, GA ČR Funding details: Knut och Alice Wallenbergs Stiftelse, KAW 2018.0157, KAW 2018.0458, KAW 2019.0447, KAW 2022.0358 Funding details: Knut och Alice Wallenbergs Stiftelse Funding details: CIDEGENT/2019/027, CIDEGENT/2019/023 Funding details: Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, JSPS, JP21H05085, 22KK0227, JP22H04944, JP22H01227 Funding details: Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, JSPS Funding details: Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, MCIN, PID2021-125273NB, RYC2019-028510-I, PCI2022-135018-2, RYC2020-030254-I Funding details: Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, MCIN Funding details: Vetenskapsrådet, VR, VR 2022-04683, VR 2018-00482, VR 2023-03403, 2021-03651, VR 2022-03845 Funding details: Vetenskapsrådet, VR Funding details: IN2P3-CNRS Funding details: Agence Nationale de la Recherche, ANR, ANR-20-CE31-0013, ANR-21-CE31-0013, ANR-21-CE31-0022 Funding details: Agence Nationale de la Recherche, ANR Funding text 1: Individual groups and members have received support from BCKDF, CANARIE, CRC and DRAC, Canada; PRIMUS 21/SCI/017, CERN-CZ and FORTE, Czech Republic; COST, ERC, ERDF, Horizon 2020, ICSC-NextGenerationEU and Marie Sk\u0142odowska-Curie Actions, European Union; Investissements d'Avenir Labex, Investissements d'Avenir Idex and ANR, France; DFG and AvH Foundation, Germany; Herakleitos, Thales and Aristeia programmes co-financed by EU-ESF and the Greek NSRF, Greece; BSF-NSF and MINERVA, Israel; Norwegian Financial Mechanism 2014-2021, Norway; NCN and NAWA, Poland; La Caixa Banking Foundation, CERCA Programme Generalitat de Catalunya and PROMETEO and GenT Programmes Generalitat Valenciana, Spain; G\u00F6ran Gustafssons Stiftelse, Sweden; The Royal Society and Leverhulme Trust, United Kingdom. Funding text 2: We gratefully acknowledge the support of ANPCyT, Argentina; YerPhI, Armenia; ARC, Australia; BMWFW and FWF, Austria; ANAS, Azerbaijan; CNPq and FAPESP, Brazil; NSERC, NRC and CFI, Canada; CERN; ANID, Chile; CAS, MOST and NSFC, China; Minciencias, Colombia; MEYS CR, Czech Republic; DNRF and DNSRC, Denmark; IN2P3-CNRS and CEA-DRF/IRFU, France; SRNSFG, Georgia; BMBF, HGF and MPG, Germany; GSRI, Greece; RGC and Hong Kong SAR, China; ISF and Benoziyo Center, Israel; INFN, Italy; MEXT and JSPS, Japan; CNRST, Morocco; NWO, Netherlands; RCN, Norway; MNiSW, Poland; FCT, Portugal; MNE/IFA, Romania; MESTD, Serbia; MSSR, Slovakia; ARRS and MIZ\u0160, Slovenia; DSI/NRF, South Africa; MICINN, Spain; SRC and Wallenberg Foundation, Sweden; SERI, SNSF and Cantons of Bern and Geneva, Switzerland; MOST, Taipei; TENMAK, T\u00FCrkiye; STFC, United Kingdom; DOE and NSF, United States of America. Funding text 3: We thank CERN for the very successful operation of the LHC and its injectors, as well as the support staff at CERN and at our institutions worldwide without whom ATLAS could not be operated efficiently. The crucial computing support from all WLCG partners is acknowledged gratefully, in particular from CERN, the ATLAS Tier-1 facilities at TRIUMF/SFU (Canada), NDGF (Denmark, Norway, Sweden), CC-IN2P3 (France), KIT/GridKA (Germany), INFN-CNAF (Italy), NL-T1 (Netherlands), PIC (Spain), RAL (UK) and BNL (USA), the Tier-2 facilities worldwide and large non-WLCG resource providers. Major contributors of computing resources are listed in Ref. [78]. We gratefully acknowledge the support of ANPCyT, Argentina; YerPhI, Armenia; ARC, Australia; BMWFW and FWF, Austria; ANAS, Azerbaijan; CNPq and FAPESP, Brazil; NSERC, NRC and CFI, Canada; CERN; ANID, Chile; CAS, MOST and NSFC, China; Minciencias, Colombia; MEYS CR, Czech Republic; DNRF and DNSRC, Denmark; IN2P3-CNRS and CEA-DRF/IRFU, France; SRNSFG, Georgia; BMBF, HGF and MPG, Germany; GSRI, Greece; RGC and Hong Kong SAR, China; ISF and Benoziyo Center, Israel; INFN, Italy; MEXT and JSPS, Japan; CNRST, Morocco; NWO, Netherlands; RCN, Norway; MNiSW, Poland; FCT, Portugal; MNE/IFA, Romania; MESTD, Serbia; MSSR, Slovakia; ARRS and MIZ\u0160, Slovenia; DSI/NRF, South Africa; MICINN, Spain; SRC and Wallenberg Foundation, Sweden; SERI, SNSF and Cantons of Bern and Geneva, Switzerland; MOST, Taipei; TENMAK, T\u00FCrkiye; STFC, United Kingdom; DOE and NSF, United States of America. Individual groups and members have received support from BCKDF, Canarie, CRC and DRAC, Canada; PRIMUS 21/SCI/017, CERN-CZ and FORTE, Czech Republic; COST, ERC, ERDF, Horizon 2020, ICSC-NextGenerationEU and Marie Sk\u0142odowska-Curie Actions, European Union; Investissements d'Avenir Labex, Investissements d'Avenir Idex and ANR, France; DFG and AvH Foundation, Germany; Herakleitos, Thales and Aristeia programmes co-financed by EU-ESF and the Greek NSRF, Greece; BSF-NSF and MINERVA, Israel; Norwegian Financial Mechanism 2014-2021, Norway; NCN and NAWA, Poland; La Caixa Banking Foundation, CERCA Programme Generalitat de Catalunya and PROMETEO and GenT Programmes Generalitat Valenciana, Spain; G\u00F6ran Gustafssons Stiftelse, Sweden; The Royal Society and Leverhulme Trust, United Kingdom. In addition, individual members wish to acknowledge support from CERN: European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN PJAS); Chile: Agencia Nacional de Investigaci\u00F3n y Desarrollo (FONDECYT 1190886, FONDECYT 1210400, FONDECYT 1230987); China: National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC - 12175119, NSFC 12275265, NSFC-12075060); Czech Republic: Czech Science Foundation (GACR - 24-11373S), Ministry of Education Youth and Sports (FORTE CZ.02.01.01/00/22_008/0004632); European Union: European Research Council (ERC - 948254, ERC 101089007), Horizon 2020 Framework Programme (MUCCA - CHIST-ERA-19-XAI-00), Italian Center for High Performance Computing, Big Data and Quantum Computing (ICSC, NextGenerationEU); France: Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR-20-CE31-0013, ANR-21-CE31-0013, ANR-21-CE31-0022), Investissements d'Avenir Labex (ANR-11-LABX-0012); Germany: Baden-W\u00FCrttemberg Stiftung (BW Stiftung-Postdoc Eliteprogramme), Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG - 469666862, DFG - CR 312/5-2); Italy: Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (ICSC, NextGenerationEU); Japan: Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS KAKENHI Grant No. 22KK0227, JSPS KAKENHI JP21H05085, JSPS KAKENHI JP22H01227, JSPS KAKENHI JP22H04944); Netherlands: Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO Veni 2020 - VI.Veni.202.179); Norway: Research Council of Norway (RCN-314472); Poland: Polish National Agency for Academic Exchange (PPN/PPO/2020/1/00002/U/00001), Polish National Science Centre (NCN 2021/42/E/ST2/00350, NCN OPUS nr 2022/47/B/ST2/03059, NCN UMO-2019/34/E/ST2/00393, UMO-2020/37/B/ST2/01043, UMO-2021/40/C/ST2/00187, UMO-2022/47/O/ST2/00148, UMO-2023/49/B/ST2/04085); Slovenia: Slovenian Research Agency (ARIS grant J1-3010); Spain: Generalitat Valenciana (Artemisa, FEDER, IDIFEDER/2018/048), Ministry of Science and Innovation (MCIN & NextGenEU -PCI2022-135018-2, MICIN & FEDER -PID2021-125273NB, RYC2019-028510-I, RYC2020-030254-I), PROMETEO and GenT Programmes Generalitat Valenciana (CIDEGENT/2019/023, CIDEGENT/2019/027); Sweden: Swedish Research Council (VR 2018-00482, VR 2022-03845, VR 2022-04683, VR 2023-03403, VR grant 2021-03651), Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation (KAW 2018.0157, KAW 2018.0458, KAW 2019.0447, KAW 2022.0358); Switzerland: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF - PCEFP2_194658); United Kingdom: Leverhulme Trust (Leverhulme Trust RPG-2020-004), Royal Society (NIF-R1-231091); United States of America: Neubauer Family Foundation. Funding text 4: In addition, individual members wish to acknowledge support from CERN: European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN PJAS); Chile: Agencia Nacional de Investigaci\u00F3n y Desarrollo (FONDECYT 1190886, FONDECYT 1210400, FONDECYT 1230987); China: National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC - 12175119, NSFC 12275265, NSFC-12075060); Czech Republic: Czech Science Foundation (GACR - 24-11373S), Ministry of Education Youth and Sports (FORTE CZ.02.01.01/00/22_008/0004632); European Union: European Research Council (ERC - 948254, ERC 101089007), Horizon 2020 Framework Programme (MUCCA - CHIST-ERA-19-XAI-00), Italian Center for High Performance Computing, Big Data and Quantum Computing (ICSC, NextGenerationEU); France: Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR-20-CE31-0013, ANR-21-CE31-0013, ANR-21-CE31-0022), Investissements d'Avenir Labex (ANR-11-LABX-0012); Germany: Baden-W\u00FCrttemberg Stiftung (BW Stiftung-Postdoc Eliteprogramme), Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG - 469666862, DFG - CR 312/5-2); Italy: Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (ICSC, NextGenerationEU); Japan: Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS KAKENHI Grant No. 22KK0227, JSPS KAKENHI JP21H05085, JSPS KAKENHI JP22H01227, JSPS KAKENHI JP22H04944); Netherlands: Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO Veni 2020 - VI.Veni.202.179); Norway: Research Council of Norway (RCN-314472); Poland: Polish National Agency for Academic Exchange (PPN/PPO/2020/1/00002/U/00001), Polish National Science Centre (NCN 2021/42/E/ST2/00350, NCN OPUS nr 2022/47/B/ST2/03059, NCN UMO-2019/34/E/ST2/00393, UMO-2020/37/B/ST2/01043, UMO-2021/40/C/ST2/00187, UMO-2022/47/O/ST2/00148, UMO-2023/49/B/ST2/04085); Slovenia: Slovenian Research Agency (ARIS grant J1-3010); Spain: Generalitat Valenciana (Artemisa, FEDER, IDIFEDER/2018/048), Ministry of Science and Innovation (MCIN & NextGenEU -PCI2022-135018-2, MICIN & FEDER -PID2021-125273NB, RYC2019-028510-I, RYC2020-030254-I), PROMETEO and GenT Programmes Generalitat Valenciana (CIDEGENT/2019/023, CIDEGENT/2019/027); Sweden: Swedish Research Council (VR 2018-00482, VR 2022-03845, VR 2022-04683, VR 2023-03403, VR grant 2021-03651), Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation (KAW 2018.0157, KAW 2018.0458, KAW 2019.0447, KAW 2022.0358); Switzerland: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF - PCEFP2_194658); United Kingdom: Leverhulme Trust (Leverhulme Trust RPG-2020-004), Royal Society (NIF-R1-231091); United States of America: Neubauer Family Foundation.