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Measurements of Torsional Oscillations and Thermal Conductivity in Solid 4He

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

<mark>Journal publication date</mark>11/2012
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Low Temperature Physics
Issue number3
Number of pages11
Pages (from-to)169-179
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date2/08/12
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Polycrystalline samples of hcp 4He of molar volume 19.5 cm3 with small amount of 3He impurities were grown in an annular container by the blocked-capillary method. Three concentrations of 3He, x3, were studied: isotopically purified 4He with the estimated x3≤10−10, ‘well-grade’ helium with x3∼3×10−7 and a specially prepared mixture with x3=2.5×10−6. The torsional oscillator response and thermal conductivity were investigated before and after annealing. The temperature and width of the torsional anomaly increase with increasing x3. Annealing resulted in an increased phonon mean free path but often in little change in the torsional oscillator response. While the magnitude of the torsional anomaly and phonon mean free path can be very different in different samples, no correlation was found between them; this implies that these two properties are controlled by different types of crystal defects. It seems plausible that the mean free path of thermal phonos at ∼200 mK is controlled by vibrating dislocations while the magnitude of the frequency shift of torsional oscillations is governed by static defects such as pinned dislocations and grain boundaries.