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Measurements of traffic-dominated pollutant emissions in a Chinese megacity

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Measurements of traffic-dominated pollutant emissions in a Chinese megacity. / Squires, F.A.; Nemitz, Eiko; Langford, Ben; Wild, Oliver; Drysdale, Will S.; Acton, Joe; Fu, Pingqing; Grimmond, Sue; Hamilton, Jacqueline F.; Hewitt, C N ; Hollaway, Michael; Kotthaus, Simone; Lee, James; Metzger, Stefan; Pingintha-Durden, Natchaya; Shaw, Marvin; Vaughan, Adam Robert; Wang, Xinming; Wu, Ruili; Zhang, Qiang; Zhang, Yanli.

In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics , Vol. 20, 23.07.2020, p. 8737–8761.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Squires, FA, Nemitz, E, Langford, B, Wild, O, Drysdale, WS, Acton, J, Fu, P, Grimmond, S, Hamilton, JF, Hewitt, CN, Hollaway, M, Kotthaus, S, Lee, J, Metzger, S, Pingintha-Durden, N, Shaw, M, Vaughan, AR, Wang, X, Wu, R, Zhang, Q & Zhang, Y 2020, 'Measurements of traffic-dominated pollutant emissions in a Chinese megacity', Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics , vol. 20, pp. 8737–8761. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-8737-2020

APA

Squires, F. A., Nemitz, E., Langford, B., Wild, O., Drysdale, W. S., Acton, J., Fu, P., Grimmond, S., Hamilton, J. F., Hewitt, C. N., Hollaway, M., Kotthaus, S., Lee, J., Metzger, S., Pingintha-Durden, N., Shaw, M., Vaughan, A. R., Wang, X., Wu, R., ... Zhang, Y. (2020). Measurements of traffic-dominated pollutant emissions in a Chinese megacity. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics , 20, 8737–8761. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-8737-2020

Vancouver

Squires FA, Nemitz E, Langford B, Wild O, Drysdale WS, Acton J et al. Measurements of traffic-dominated pollutant emissions in a Chinese megacity. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . 2020 Jul 23;20:8737–8761. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-8737-2020

Author

Squires, F.A. ; Nemitz, Eiko ; Langford, Ben ; Wild, Oliver ; Drysdale, Will S. ; Acton, Joe ; Fu, Pingqing ; Grimmond, Sue ; Hamilton, Jacqueline F. ; Hewitt, C N ; Hollaway, Michael ; Kotthaus, Simone ; Lee, James ; Metzger, Stefan ; Pingintha-Durden, Natchaya ; Shaw, Marvin ; Vaughan, Adam Robert ; Wang, Xinming ; Wu, Ruili ; Zhang, Qiang ; Zhang, Yanli. / Measurements of traffic-dominated pollutant emissions in a Chinese megacity. In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics . 2020 ; Vol. 20. pp. 8737–8761.

Bibtex

@article{162f51d6a1f94679b3f9b62c59f01cdf,
title = "Measurements of traffic-dominated pollutant emissions in a Chinese megacity",
abstract = "Direct measurements of NOx, CO and aromatic volatile organic compound (VOC) (benzene, toluene, C2-benzenes and C3-benzenes) flux were made for a central area of Beijing using the eddy-covariance technique. Measurements were made during two intensive field campaigns in central Beijing as part of the Air Pollution and Human Health (APHH) project, the first in November–December 2016 and the second during May–June 2017, to contrast wintertime and summertime emission rates. There was little difference in the magnitude of NOx flux between the two seasons (mean NOx flux was 4.41 mg m−2 h−1 in the winter compared to 3.55 mg m−2 h−1 in the summer). CO showed greater seasonal variation, with mean CO flux in the winter campaign (34.7 mg m−2 h−1) being over twice that of the summer campaign (15.2 mg m−2 h−1). Larger emissions of aromatic VOCs in summer were attributed to increased evaporation due to higher temperatures. The largest fluxes in NOx and CO generally occurred during the morning and evening rush hour periods, indicating a major traffic source with high midday emissions of CO, indicating an additional influence from cooking fuel. Measured NOx and CO fluxes were then compared to the MEIC 2013 emissions inventory, which was found to significantly overestimate emissions for this region, providing evidence that proxy-based emissions inventories have positive biases in urban centres. This first set of pollutant fluxes measured in Beijing provides an important benchmark of emissions from the city which can help to inform and evaluate current emissions inventories.",
author = "F.A. Squires and Eiko Nemitz and Ben Langford and Oliver Wild and Drysdale, {Will S.} and Joe Acton and Pingqing Fu and Sue Grimmond and Hamilton, {Jacqueline F.} and Hewitt, {C N} and Michael Hollaway and Simone Kotthaus and James Lee and Stefan Metzger and Natchaya Pingintha-Durden and Marvin Shaw and Vaughan, {Adam Robert} and Xinming Wang and Ruili Wu and Qiang Zhang and Yanli Zhang",
year = "2020",
month = jul,
day = "23",
doi = "10.5194/acp-20-8737-2020",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "8737–8761",
journal = "Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics ",
issn = "1680-7316",
publisher = "Copernicus GmbH (Copernicus Publications) on behalf of the European Geosciences Union (EGU)",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurements of traffic-dominated pollutant emissions in a Chinese megacity

AU - Squires, F.A.

AU - Nemitz, Eiko

AU - Langford, Ben

AU - Wild, Oliver

AU - Drysdale, Will S.

AU - Acton, Joe

AU - Fu, Pingqing

AU - Grimmond, Sue

AU - Hamilton, Jacqueline F.

AU - Hewitt, C N

AU - Hollaway, Michael

AU - Kotthaus, Simone

AU - Lee, James

AU - Metzger, Stefan

AU - Pingintha-Durden, Natchaya

AU - Shaw, Marvin

AU - Vaughan, Adam Robert

AU - Wang, Xinming

AU - Wu, Ruili

AU - Zhang, Qiang

AU - Zhang, Yanli

PY - 2020/7/23

Y1 - 2020/7/23

N2 - Direct measurements of NOx, CO and aromatic volatile organic compound (VOC) (benzene, toluene, C2-benzenes and C3-benzenes) flux were made for a central area of Beijing using the eddy-covariance technique. Measurements were made during two intensive field campaigns in central Beijing as part of the Air Pollution and Human Health (APHH) project, the first in November–December 2016 and the second during May–June 2017, to contrast wintertime and summertime emission rates. There was little difference in the magnitude of NOx flux between the two seasons (mean NOx flux was 4.41 mg m−2 h−1 in the winter compared to 3.55 mg m−2 h−1 in the summer). CO showed greater seasonal variation, with mean CO flux in the winter campaign (34.7 mg m−2 h−1) being over twice that of the summer campaign (15.2 mg m−2 h−1). Larger emissions of aromatic VOCs in summer were attributed to increased evaporation due to higher temperatures. The largest fluxes in NOx and CO generally occurred during the morning and evening rush hour periods, indicating a major traffic source with high midday emissions of CO, indicating an additional influence from cooking fuel. Measured NOx and CO fluxes were then compared to the MEIC 2013 emissions inventory, which was found to significantly overestimate emissions for this region, providing evidence that proxy-based emissions inventories have positive biases in urban centres. This first set of pollutant fluxes measured in Beijing provides an important benchmark of emissions from the city which can help to inform and evaluate current emissions inventories.

AB - Direct measurements of NOx, CO and aromatic volatile organic compound (VOC) (benzene, toluene, C2-benzenes and C3-benzenes) flux were made for a central area of Beijing using the eddy-covariance technique. Measurements were made during two intensive field campaigns in central Beijing as part of the Air Pollution and Human Health (APHH) project, the first in November–December 2016 and the second during May–June 2017, to contrast wintertime and summertime emission rates. There was little difference in the magnitude of NOx flux between the two seasons (mean NOx flux was 4.41 mg m−2 h−1 in the winter compared to 3.55 mg m−2 h−1 in the summer). CO showed greater seasonal variation, with mean CO flux in the winter campaign (34.7 mg m−2 h−1) being over twice that of the summer campaign (15.2 mg m−2 h−1). Larger emissions of aromatic VOCs in summer were attributed to increased evaporation due to higher temperatures. The largest fluxes in NOx and CO generally occurred during the morning and evening rush hour periods, indicating a major traffic source with high midday emissions of CO, indicating an additional influence from cooking fuel. Measured NOx and CO fluxes were then compared to the MEIC 2013 emissions inventory, which was found to significantly overestimate emissions for this region, providing evidence that proxy-based emissions inventories have positive biases in urban centres. This first set of pollutant fluxes measured in Beijing provides an important benchmark of emissions from the city which can help to inform and evaluate current emissions inventories.

U2 - 10.5194/acp-20-8737-2020

DO - 10.5194/acp-20-8737-2020

M3 - Journal article

VL - 20

SP - 8737

EP - 8761

JO - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

JF - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

SN - 1680-7316

ER -