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    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 59, 3, 2020 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2019.10.021

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Medical Aid in Dying, Hastened Death and Suicide: A Qualitative Study of Hospice Professionals' Experiences from Washington State

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Medical Aid in Dying, Hastened Death and Suicide : A Qualitative Study of Hospice Professionals' Experiences from Washington State. / Gerson, Sheri Mila; Preston, Nancy; Bingley, Amanda.

In: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, Vol. 59, No. 3, 31.03.2020, p. 679-686.e1.

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@article{52c2ef62ca374ac482ded4ffa43262f4,
title = "Medical Aid in Dying, Hastened Death and Suicide: A Qualitative Study of Hospice Professionals' Experiences from Washington State",
abstract = "CONTEXT: Many jurisdictions around the world have passed medical aid in dying (MAID) laws allowing competent eligible individuals facing life-limiting illness to self-administer prescribed medication to control timing of death. These laws do not prevent some patients who are receiving hospice services from dying by suicide without assistance.OBJECTIVES: To explore hospice professionals' experiences of patients who die by suicide or intentionally hasten death with or without legal assistance in an area where there is legalized MAID.METHODS: Semistructured in-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 21 home hospice professionals (seven nurses, seven social workers, four physicians, and three chaplains). Thematic analysis was carried out to analyze the data.RESULTS: Three primary themes were identified from the interviews: 1) dealing with and differentiating between hastened death and suicide, 2) MAID access and affordability, and 3) how patients have hastened their own deaths. Analysis of these data indicates that there are some patients receiving hospice services who die by suicide because they are not eligible for, have no knowledge of, or lack access to legalized MAID. Hospice professionals do not consistently identify patients' deaths as suicide when they are self-inflicted and sometimes view these deaths as justified.CONCLUSION: Suicide and hastened deaths continue to be an unexamined cause of death for some home hospice patients who may have requested MAID. Open communication and increased education and training is needed for palliative care professionals regarding legal options, issues of suicide, and suicide assessment.",
keywords = "suicide, assisted suicide, assisted dying, euthanasia, hospice, palliative care",
author = "Gerson, {Sheri Mila} and Nancy Preston and Amanda Bingley",
note = "This is the author{\textquoteright}s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 59, 3, 2020 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2019.10.021",
year = "2020",
month = mar,
day = "31",
doi = "10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2019.10.021",
language = "English",
volume = "59",
pages = "679--686.e1",
journal = "Journal of Pain and Symptom Management",
issn = "0885-3924",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Medical Aid in Dying, Hastened Death and Suicide

T2 - A Qualitative Study of Hospice Professionals' Experiences from Washington State

AU - Gerson, Sheri Mila

AU - Preston, Nancy

AU - Bingley, Amanda

N1 - This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 59, 3, 2020 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2019.10.021

PY - 2020/3/31

Y1 - 2020/3/31

N2 - CONTEXT: Many jurisdictions around the world have passed medical aid in dying (MAID) laws allowing competent eligible individuals facing life-limiting illness to self-administer prescribed medication to control timing of death. These laws do not prevent some patients who are receiving hospice services from dying by suicide without assistance.OBJECTIVES: To explore hospice professionals' experiences of patients who die by suicide or intentionally hasten death with or without legal assistance in an area where there is legalized MAID.METHODS: Semistructured in-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 21 home hospice professionals (seven nurses, seven social workers, four physicians, and three chaplains). Thematic analysis was carried out to analyze the data.RESULTS: Three primary themes were identified from the interviews: 1) dealing with and differentiating between hastened death and suicide, 2) MAID access and affordability, and 3) how patients have hastened their own deaths. Analysis of these data indicates that there are some patients receiving hospice services who die by suicide because they are not eligible for, have no knowledge of, or lack access to legalized MAID. Hospice professionals do not consistently identify patients' deaths as suicide when they are self-inflicted and sometimes view these deaths as justified.CONCLUSION: Suicide and hastened deaths continue to be an unexamined cause of death for some home hospice patients who may have requested MAID. Open communication and increased education and training is needed for palliative care professionals regarding legal options, issues of suicide, and suicide assessment.

AB - CONTEXT: Many jurisdictions around the world have passed medical aid in dying (MAID) laws allowing competent eligible individuals facing life-limiting illness to self-administer prescribed medication to control timing of death. These laws do not prevent some patients who are receiving hospice services from dying by suicide without assistance.OBJECTIVES: To explore hospice professionals' experiences of patients who die by suicide or intentionally hasten death with or without legal assistance in an area where there is legalized MAID.METHODS: Semistructured in-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 21 home hospice professionals (seven nurses, seven social workers, four physicians, and three chaplains). Thematic analysis was carried out to analyze the data.RESULTS: Three primary themes were identified from the interviews: 1) dealing with and differentiating between hastened death and suicide, 2) MAID access and affordability, and 3) how patients have hastened their own deaths. Analysis of these data indicates that there are some patients receiving hospice services who die by suicide because they are not eligible for, have no knowledge of, or lack access to legalized MAID. Hospice professionals do not consistently identify patients' deaths as suicide when they are self-inflicted and sometimes view these deaths as justified.CONCLUSION: Suicide and hastened deaths continue to be an unexamined cause of death for some home hospice patients who may have requested MAID. Open communication and increased education and training is needed for palliative care professionals regarding legal options, issues of suicide, and suicide assessment.

KW - suicide

KW - assisted suicide

KW - assisted dying

KW - euthanasia

KW - hospice

KW - palliative care

U2 - 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2019.10.021

DO - 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2019.10.021

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31678464

VL - 59

SP - 679-686.e1

JO - Journal of Pain and Symptom Management

JF - Journal of Pain and Symptom Management

SN - 0885-3924

IS - 3

ER -