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Modelling the helium plasma jet delivery of reactive species into a 3D cancer tumour

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  • Endre J. Szili
  • Jun Seok Oh
  • Hideo Fukuhara
  • Rishabh Bhatia
  • Nishtha Gaur
  • Cuong K. Nguyen
  • Sung Ha Hong
  • Satsuki Ito
  • Kotaro Ogawa
  • Chiaki Kawada
  • Taro Shuin
  • Masayuki Tsuda
  • Mutsuo Furihata
  • Atsushi Kurabayashi
  • Hiroshi Furuta
  • Masafumi Ito
  • Keiji Inoue
  • Akimitsu Hatta
  • Robert D. Short
Article number014001
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/01/2018
<mark>Journal</mark>Plasma Sources Science and Technology
Issue number1
Number of pages16
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date8/12/17
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Cold atmospheric plasmas have attracted significant worldwide attention for their potential beneficial effects in cancer therapy. In order to further improve the effectiveness of plasma in cancer therapy, it is important to understand the generation and transport of plasma reactive species into tissue fluids, tissues and cells, and moreover the rates and depths of delivery, particularly across physical barriers such as skin. In this study, helium (He) plasma jet treatment of a 3D cancer tumour, grown on the back of a live mouse, induced apoptosis within the tumour to a depth of 2.8 mm. The He plasma jet was shown to deliver reactive oxygen species through the unbroken skin barrier before penetrating through the entire depth of the tumour. The depth and rate of transport of He plasma jet generated H2O2, NO3 - and NO2 -, as well as aqueous oxygen [O2(aq)], was then tracked in an agarose tissue model. This provided an approximation of the H2O2, NO3 -, NO2 - and O2(aq) concentrations that might have been generated during the He plasma jet treatment of the 3D tumour. It is proposed that the He plasma jet can induce apoptosis within a tumour by the 'deep' delivery of H2O2, NO3 - and NO2 - coupled with O2(aq); the latter raising oxygen tension in hypoxic tissue.