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Multi-component self-assembled molecular-electronic films: towards new high-performance thermoelectric systems

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Multi-component self-assembled molecular-electronic films : towards new high-performance thermoelectric systems. / Bennett, Troy; Alshammari, Majed; Au-Yong, Sophie; Almutlg, Ahmad; Wang, Xintai; Wilkinson, Luke A.; Albrecht, Tim; Jarvis, Samuel; Cohen, Lesley F.; Ismael, Ali; Lambert, Colin; Robinson, Benjamin; Long, Nicholas J.

In: Chemical Science, Vol. 13, No. 18, 14.05.2022, p. 5176-5185.

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Bennett, Troy ; Alshammari, Majed ; Au-Yong, Sophie ; Almutlg, Ahmad ; Wang, Xintai ; Wilkinson, Luke A. ; Albrecht, Tim ; Jarvis, Samuel ; Cohen, Lesley F. ; Ismael, Ali ; Lambert, Colin ; Robinson, Benjamin ; Long, Nicholas J. / Multi-component self-assembled molecular-electronic films : towards new high-performance thermoelectric systems. In: Chemical Science. 2022 ; Vol. 13, No. 18. pp. 5176-5185.

Bibtex

@article{856f9353782241c5a9090b0c9cac93d5,
title = "Multi-component self-assembled molecular-electronic films: towards new high-performance thermoelectric systems",
abstract = "The thermoelectric properties of parallel arrays of organic molecules on a surface offer the potential for large-area, flexible, solution processed, energy harvesting thin-films, whose room-temperature transport properties are controlled by quantum interference (QI). Recently, it has been demonstrated that constructive QI (CQI) can be translated from single molecules to self-assembled monolayers (SAMs), boosting both electrical conductivities and Seebeck coefficients. However, these CQI-enhanced systems are limited by rigid coupling of the component molecules to metallic electrodes, preventing the introduction of additional layers which would be advantageous for their further development. These rigid couplings also limit our ability to suppress the transport of phonons through these systems, which could act to boost their thermoelectric output, without comprising on their impressive electronic features. Here, through a combined experimental and theoretical study, we show that cross-plane thermoelectricity in SAMs can be enhanced by incorporating extra molecular layers. We utilize a bottom-up approach to assemble multi-component thin-films that combine a rigid, highly conductive {\textquoteleft}sticky{\textquoteright}-linker, formed from alkynyl-functionalised anthracenes, and a {\textquoteleft}slippery{\textquoteright}-linker consisting of a functionalized metalloporphyrin. Starting from an anthracene-based SAM, we demonstrate that subsequent addition of either a porphyrin layer or a graphene layer increases the Seebeck coefficient, and addition of both porphyrin and graphene leads to a further boost in their Seebeck coefficients. This demonstration of Seebeck-enhanced multi-component SAMs is the first of its kind and presents a new strategy towards the design of thin-film thermoelectric materials.",
author = "Troy Bennett and Majed Alshammari and Sophie Au-Yong and Ahmad Almutlg and Xintai Wang and Wilkinson, {Luke A.} and Tim Albrecht and Samuel Jarvis and Cohen, {Lesley F.} and Ali Ismael and Colin Lambert and Benjamin Robinson and Long, {Nicholas J.}",
year = "2022",
month = may,
day = "14",
doi = "10.1039/D2SC00078D",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "5176--5185",
journal = "Chemical Science",
issn = "2041-6520",
publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry",
number = "18",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Multi-component self-assembled molecular-electronic films

T2 - towards new high-performance thermoelectric systems

AU - Bennett, Troy

AU - Alshammari, Majed

AU - Au-Yong, Sophie

AU - Almutlg, Ahmad

AU - Wang, Xintai

AU - Wilkinson, Luke A.

AU - Albrecht, Tim

AU - Jarvis, Samuel

AU - Cohen, Lesley F.

AU - Ismael, Ali

AU - Lambert, Colin

AU - Robinson, Benjamin

AU - Long, Nicholas J.

PY - 2022/5/14

Y1 - 2022/5/14

N2 - The thermoelectric properties of parallel arrays of organic molecules on a surface offer the potential for large-area, flexible, solution processed, energy harvesting thin-films, whose room-temperature transport properties are controlled by quantum interference (QI). Recently, it has been demonstrated that constructive QI (CQI) can be translated from single molecules to self-assembled monolayers (SAMs), boosting both electrical conductivities and Seebeck coefficients. However, these CQI-enhanced systems are limited by rigid coupling of the component molecules to metallic electrodes, preventing the introduction of additional layers which would be advantageous for their further development. These rigid couplings also limit our ability to suppress the transport of phonons through these systems, which could act to boost their thermoelectric output, without comprising on their impressive electronic features. Here, through a combined experimental and theoretical study, we show that cross-plane thermoelectricity in SAMs can be enhanced by incorporating extra molecular layers. We utilize a bottom-up approach to assemble multi-component thin-films that combine a rigid, highly conductive ‘sticky’-linker, formed from alkynyl-functionalised anthracenes, and a ‘slippery’-linker consisting of a functionalized metalloporphyrin. Starting from an anthracene-based SAM, we demonstrate that subsequent addition of either a porphyrin layer or a graphene layer increases the Seebeck coefficient, and addition of both porphyrin and graphene leads to a further boost in their Seebeck coefficients. This demonstration of Seebeck-enhanced multi-component SAMs is the first of its kind and presents a new strategy towards the design of thin-film thermoelectric materials.

AB - The thermoelectric properties of parallel arrays of organic molecules on a surface offer the potential for large-area, flexible, solution processed, energy harvesting thin-films, whose room-temperature transport properties are controlled by quantum interference (QI). Recently, it has been demonstrated that constructive QI (CQI) can be translated from single molecules to self-assembled monolayers (SAMs), boosting both electrical conductivities and Seebeck coefficients. However, these CQI-enhanced systems are limited by rigid coupling of the component molecules to metallic electrodes, preventing the introduction of additional layers which would be advantageous for their further development. These rigid couplings also limit our ability to suppress the transport of phonons through these systems, which could act to boost their thermoelectric output, without comprising on their impressive electronic features. Here, through a combined experimental and theoretical study, we show that cross-plane thermoelectricity in SAMs can be enhanced by incorporating extra molecular layers. We utilize a bottom-up approach to assemble multi-component thin-films that combine a rigid, highly conductive ‘sticky’-linker, formed from alkynyl-functionalised anthracenes, and a ‘slippery’-linker consisting of a functionalized metalloporphyrin. Starting from an anthracene-based SAM, we demonstrate that subsequent addition of either a porphyrin layer or a graphene layer increases the Seebeck coefficient, and addition of both porphyrin and graphene leads to a further boost in their Seebeck coefficients. This demonstration of Seebeck-enhanced multi-component SAMs is the first of its kind and presents a new strategy towards the design of thin-film thermoelectric materials.

U2 - 10.1039/D2SC00078D

DO - 10.1039/D2SC00078D

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 35655580

VL - 13

SP - 5176

EP - 5185

JO - Chemical Science

JF - Chemical Science

SN - 2041-6520

IS - 18

ER -