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Mycelia Promote Active Transport and Spatial Dispersion of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

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Mycelia Promote Active Transport and Spatial Dispersion of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. / Furuno, Shoko; Foss, Susan; Wild, Edward et al.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 46, No. 10, 15.05.2012, p. 5463-5470.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Furuno, S, Foss, S, Wild, E, Jones, KC, Semple, KT, Harms, H & Wick, LY 2012, 'Mycelia Promote Active Transport and Spatial Dispersion of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons', Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 46, no. 10, pp. 5463-5470. https://doi.org/10.1021/es300810b

APA

Furuno, S., Foss, S., Wild, E., Jones, K. C., Semple, K. T., Harms, H., & Wick, L. Y. (2012). Mycelia Promote Active Transport and Spatial Dispersion of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Environmental Science and Technology, 46(10), 5463-5470. https://doi.org/10.1021/es300810b

Vancouver

Furuno S, Foss S, Wild E, Jones KC, Semple KT, Harms H et al. Mycelia Promote Active Transport and Spatial Dispersion of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Environmental Science and Technology. 2012 May 15;46(10):5463-5470. doi: 10.1021/es300810b

Author

Furuno, Shoko ; Foss, Susan ; Wild, Edward et al. / Mycelia Promote Active Transport and Spatial Dispersion of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. In: Environmental Science and Technology. 2012 ; Vol. 46, No. 10. pp. 5463-5470.

Bibtex

@article{c5dee34f0337479699faeba2cfbb8256,
title = "Mycelia Promote Active Transport and Spatial Dispersion of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons",
abstract = "To cope with heterogeneous subsurface environments mycelial microorganisms have developed a unique ramified growth form. By extending hyphae, they can obtain nutrients from remote places and transport them even through air gaps and in small pore spaces, repectively. To date, studies have been focusing on the role that networks play in the distribution of nutrients. Here, we investigated the role of mycelia for the translocation of nonessential substances, using polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) as model compounds. We show that the hyphae of the mycelial soil oomycete Pythium ultimum function as active translocation vectors for a wide range of PAHs. Visualization by two-photon excitation microscopy (TPEM) demonstrated the uptake and accumulation of phenanthrene (PHE) in lipid vesicles and its active transport by cytoplasmic streaming of the hyphae ('hyphal pipelines'). In mycelial networks, contaminants were translocated over larger distances than by diffusion. Given their transport capacity and ubiquity, hyphae may substantially distribute remote hydrophobic contaminants in soil, thereby improving their bioavailability to bacterial degradation. Hyphal contaminant dispersal may provide an untapped potential for future bioremediation approaches.",
author = "Shoko Furuno and Susan Foss and Edward Wild and Jones, {Kevin C.} and Semple, {Kirk T.} and Hauke Harms and Wick, {Lukas Y.}",
year = "2012",
month = may,
day = "15",
doi = "10.1021/es300810b",
language = "English",
volume = "46",
pages = "5463--5470",
journal = "Environmental Science and Technology",
issn = "0013-936X",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mycelia Promote Active Transport and Spatial Dispersion of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

AU - Furuno, Shoko

AU - Foss, Susan

AU - Wild, Edward

AU - Jones, Kevin C.

AU - Semple, Kirk T.

AU - Harms, Hauke

AU - Wick, Lukas Y.

PY - 2012/5/15

Y1 - 2012/5/15

N2 - To cope with heterogeneous subsurface environments mycelial microorganisms have developed a unique ramified growth form. By extending hyphae, they can obtain nutrients from remote places and transport them even through air gaps and in small pore spaces, repectively. To date, studies have been focusing on the role that networks play in the distribution of nutrients. Here, we investigated the role of mycelia for the translocation of nonessential substances, using polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) as model compounds. We show that the hyphae of the mycelial soil oomycete Pythium ultimum function as active translocation vectors for a wide range of PAHs. Visualization by two-photon excitation microscopy (TPEM) demonstrated the uptake and accumulation of phenanthrene (PHE) in lipid vesicles and its active transport by cytoplasmic streaming of the hyphae ('hyphal pipelines'). In mycelial networks, contaminants were translocated over larger distances than by diffusion. Given their transport capacity and ubiquity, hyphae may substantially distribute remote hydrophobic contaminants in soil, thereby improving their bioavailability to bacterial degradation. Hyphal contaminant dispersal may provide an untapped potential for future bioremediation approaches.

AB - To cope with heterogeneous subsurface environments mycelial microorganisms have developed a unique ramified growth form. By extending hyphae, they can obtain nutrients from remote places and transport them even through air gaps and in small pore spaces, repectively. To date, studies have been focusing on the role that networks play in the distribution of nutrients. Here, we investigated the role of mycelia for the translocation of nonessential substances, using polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) as model compounds. We show that the hyphae of the mycelial soil oomycete Pythium ultimum function as active translocation vectors for a wide range of PAHs. Visualization by two-photon excitation microscopy (TPEM) demonstrated the uptake and accumulation of phenanthrene (PHE) in lipid vesicles and its active transport by cytoplasmic streaming of the hyphae ('hyphal pipelines'). In mycelial networks, contaminants were translocated over larger distances than by diffusion. Given their transport capacity and ubiquity, hyphae may substantially distribute remote hydrophobic contaminants in soil, thereby improving their bioavailability to bacterial degradation. Hyphal contaminant dispersal may provide an untapped potential for future bioremediation approaches.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84861117520&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/es300810b

DO - 10.1021/es300810b

M3 - Journal article

VL - 46

SP - 5463

EP - 5470

JO - Environmental Science and Technology

JF - Environmental Science and Technology

SN - 0013-936X

IS - 10

ER -