Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Normal black holes in bulge-less galaxies

Associated organisational unit

Links

Text available via DOI:

View graph of relations

Normal black holes in bulge-less galaxies: the largely quiescent, merger-free growth of black holes over cosmic time

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published

Standard

Normal black holes in bulge-less galaxies : the largely quiescent, merger-free growth of black holes over cosmic time. / Martin, G; Kaviraj, S; Volonteri, M; Simmons, B D; Devriendt, J E G; Lintott, C J; Smethurst, R J; Dubois, Y; Pichon, C.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 476, No. 2, 11.05.2018, p. 2801-2812.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Martin, G, Kaviraj, S, Volonteri, M, Simmons, BD, Devriendt, JEG, Lintott, CJ, Smethurst, RJ, Dubois, Y & Pichon, C 2018, 'Normal black holes in bulge-less galaxies: the largely quiescent, merger-free growth of black holes over cosmic time', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 476, no. 2, pp. 2801-2812. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/sty324

APA

Martin, G., Kaviraj, S., Volonteri, M., Simmons, B. D., Devriendt, J. E. G., Lintott, C. J., Smethurst, R. J., Dubois, Y., & Pichon, C. (2018). Normal black holes in bulge-less galaxies: the largely quiescent, merger-free growth of black holes over cosmic time. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 476(2), 2801-2812. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/sty324

Vancouver

Martin G, Kaviraj S, Volonteri M, Simmons BD, Devriendt JEG, Lintott CJ et al. Normal black holes in bulge-less galaxies: the largely quiescent, merger-free growth of black holes over cosmic time. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2018 May 11;476(2):2801-2812. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/sty324

Author

Martin, G ; Kaviraj, S ; Volonteri, M ; Simmons, B D ; Devriendt, J E G ; Lintott, C J ; Smethurst, R J ; Dubois, Y ; Pichon, C. / Normal black holes in bulge-less galaxies : the largely quiescent, merger-free growth of black holes over cosmic time. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2018 ; Vol. 476, No. 2. pp. 2801-2812.

Bibtex

@article{92458a8d9d634d04a11cab010742e5b5,
title = "Normal black holes in bulge-less galaxies: the largely quiescent, merger-free growth of black holes over cosmic time",
abstract = "Understanding the processes that drive the formation of black holes (BHs) is a key topic in observational cosmology. While the observed MBH–MBulge correlation in bulge-dominated galaxies is thought to be produced by major mergers, the existence of an MBH–M⋆ relation, across all galaxy morphological types, suggests that BHs may be largely built by secular processes. Recent evidence that bulge-less galaxies, which are unlikely to have had significant mergers, are offset from the MBH–MBulge relation, but lie on the MBH–M⋆ relation, has strengthened this hypothesis. Nevertheless, the small size and heterogeneity of current data sets, coupled with the difficulty in measuring precise BH masses, make it challenging to address this issue using empirical studies alone. Here, we use Horizon-AGN, a cosmological hydrodynamical simulation to probe the role of mergers in BH growth over cosmic time. We show that (1) as suggested by observations, simulated bulge-less galaxies lie offset from the main MBH–MBulge relation, but on the MBH–M⋆ relation, (2) the positions of galaxies on the MBH–M⋆ relation are not affected by their merger histories, and (3) only ∼35 per cent of the BH mass in today's massive galaxies is directly attributable to merging – the majority (∼65 per cent) of BH growth, therefore, takes place gradually, via secular processes, over cosmic time.",
author = "G Martin and S Kaviraj and M Volonteri and Simmons, {B D} and Devriendt, {J E G} and Lintott, {C J} and Smethurst, {R J} and Y Dubois and C Pichon",
year = "2018",
month = may,
day = "11",
doi = "10.1093/mnras/sty324",
language = "English",
volume = "476",
pages = "2801--2812",
journal = "Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society",
issn = "0035-8711",
publisher = "OXFORD UNIV PRESS",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Normal black holes in bulge-less galaxies

T2 - the largely quiescent, merger-free growth of black holes over cosmic time

AU - Martin, G

AU - Kaviraj, S

AU - Volonteri, M

AU - Simmons, B D

AU - Devriendt, J E G

AU - Lintott, C J

AU - Smethurst, R J

AU - Dubois, Y

AU - Pichon, C

PY - 2018/5/11

Y1 - 2018/5/11

N2 - Understanding the processes that drive the formation of black holes (BHs) is a key topic in observational cosmology. While the observed MBH–MBulge correlation in bulge-dominated galaxies is thought to be produced by major mergers, the existence of an MBH–M⋆ relation, across all galaxy morphological types, suggests that BHs may be largely built by secular processes. Recent evidence that bulge-less galaxies, which are unlikely to have had significant mergers, are offset from the MBH–MBulge relation, but lie on the MBH–M⋆ relation, has strengthened this hypothesis. Nevertheless, the small size and heterogeneity of current data sets, coupled with the difficulty in measuring precise BH masses, make it challenging to address this issue using empirical studies alone. Here, we use Horizon-AGN, a cosmological hydrodynamical simulation to probe the role of mergers in BH growth over cosmic time. We show that (1) as suggested by observations, simulated bulge-less galaxies lie offset from the main MBH–MBulge relation, but on the MBH–M⋆ relation, (2) the positions of galaxies on the MBH–M⋆ relation are not affected by their merger histories, and (3) only ∼35 per cent of the BH mass in today's massive galaxies is directly attributable to merging – the majority (∼65 per cent) of BH growth, therefore, takes place gradually, via secular processes, over cosmic time.

AB - Understanding the processes that drive the formation of black holes (BHs) is a key topic in observational cosmology. While the observed MBH–MBulge correlation in bulge-dominated galaxies is thought to be produced by major mergers, the existence of an MBH–M⋆ relation, across all galaxy morphological types, suggests that BHs may be largely built by secular processes. Recent evidence that bulge-less galaxies, which are unlikely to have had significant mergers, are offset from the MBH–MBulge relation, but lie on the MBH–M⋆ relation, has strengthened this hypothesis. Nevertheless, the small size and heterogeneity of current data sets, coupled with the difficulty in measuring precise BH masses, make it challenging to address this issue using empirical studies alone. Here, we use Horizon-AGN, a cosmological hydrodynamical simulation to probe the role of mergers in BH growth over cosmic time. We show that (1) as suggested by observations, simulated bulge-less galaxies lie offset from the main MBH–MBulge relation, but on the MBH–M⋆ relation, (2) the positions of galaxies on the MBH–M⋆ relation are not affected by their merger histories, and (3) only ∼35 per cent of the BH mass in today's massive galaxies is directly attributable to merging – the majority (∼65 per cent) of BH growth, therefore, takes place gradually, via secular processes, over cosmic time.

U2 - 10.1093/mnras/sty324

DO - 10.1093/mnras/sty324

M3 - Journal article

VL - 476

SP - 2801

EP - 2812

JO - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

JF - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

SN - 0035-8711

IS - 2

ER -