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Observable gravitational waves from inflation with small field excursions

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Observable gravitational waves from inflation with small field excursions. / Hotchkiss, Shaun; Mazumdar, Anupam; Nadathur, Seshadri.

In: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2012, No. 2, 06.02.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Hotchkiss, S, Mazumdar, A & Nadathur, S 2012, 'Observable gravitational waves from inflation with small field excursions', Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, vol. 2012, no. 2. https://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2012/02/008

APA

Hotchkiss, S., Mazumdar, A., & Nadathur, S. (2012). Observable gravitational waves from inflation with small field excursions. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, 2012(2). https://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2012/02/008

Vancouver

Hotchkiss S, Mazumdar A, Nadathur S. Observable gravitational waves from inflation with small field excursions. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics. 2012 Feb 6;2012(2). https://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2012/02/008

Author

Hotchkiss, Shaun ; Mazumdar, Anupam ; Nadathur, Seshadri. / Observable gravitational waves from inflation with small field excursions. In: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics. 2012 ; Vol. 2012, No. 2.

Bibtex

@article{1a64870a43364001a7c8380e8ca30efd,
title = "Observable gravitational waves from inflation with small field excursions",
abstract = "The detection of primordial gravitational waves, or tensor perturbations, would be regarded as compelling evidence for inflation. The canonical measure of this is the ratio of tensor to scalar perturbations, r. For single-field slow-roll models of inflation with small field excursions, the Lyth bound dictates that if the evolution of the slow-roll parameter epsilon is monotonic, the tensor-to-scalar ratio must be below observationally detectable levels. We describe how non-monotonic evolution of epsilon can evade the Lyth bound and generate observationally large r, even with small field excursions. This has consequences for the scalar power spectrum as it necessarily predicts an enhancement in the spectrum at very small scales and significant scale-dependent running at CMB scales. This effect has not been appropriately accounted for in previous analyses. We describe a mechanism that will generically produce the required behaviour in epsilon and give an example of this mechanism arising in a well-motivated small-field model. This model can produce r\geq0.05 while satisfying all current observational constraints.",
keywords = "gravitational waves and CMBR polarization , inflation, cosmological parameters from CMBR",
author = "Shaun Hotchkiss and Anupam Mazumdar and Seshadri Nadathur",
note = "14 pages, 4 figures",
year = "2012",
month = feb,
day = "6",
doi = "10.1088/1475-7516/2012/02/008",
language = "English",
volume = "2012",
journal = "Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics",
issn = "1475-7516",
publisher = "IOP Publishing",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Observable gravitational waves from inflation with small field excursions

AU - Hotchkiss, Shaun

AU - Mazumdar, Anupam

AU - Nadathur, Seshadri

N1 - 14 pages, 4 figures

PY - 2012/2/6

Y1 - 2012/2/6

N2 - The detection of primordial gravitational waves, or tensor perturbations, would be regarded as compelling evidence for inflation. The canonical measure of this is the ratio of tensor to scalar perturbations, r. For single-field slow-roll models of inflation with small field excursions, the Lyth bound dictates that if the evolution of the slow-roll parameter epsilon is monotonic, the tensor-to-scalar ratio must be below observationally detectable levels. We describe how non-monotonic evolution of epsilon can evade the Lyth bound and generate observationally large r, even with small field excursions. This has consequences for the scalar power spectrum as it necessarily predicts an enhancement in the spectrum at very small scales and significant scale-dependent running at CMB scales. This effect has not been appropriately accounted for in previous analyses. We describe a mechanism that will generically produce the required behaviour in epsilon and give an example of this mechanism arising in a well-motivated small-field model. This model can produce r\geq0.05 while satisfying all current observational constraints.

AB - The detection of primordial gravitational waves, or tensor perturbations, would be regarded as compelling evidence for inflation. The canonical measure of this is the ratio of tensor to scalar perturbations, r. For single-field slow-roll models of inflation with small field excursions, the Lyth bound dictates that if the evolution of the slow-roll parameter epsilon is monotonic, the tensor-to-scalar ratio must be below observationally detectable levels. We describe how non-monotonic evolution of epsilon can evade the Lyth bound and generate observationally large r, even with small field excursions. This has consequences for the scalar power spectrum as it necessarily predicts an enhancement in the spectrum at very small scales and significant scale-dependent running at CMB scales. This effect has not been appropriately accounted for in previous analyses. We describe a mechanism that will generically produce the required behaviour in epsilon and give an example of this mechanism arising in a well-motivated small-field model. This model can produce r\geq0.05 while satisfying all current observational constraints.

KW - gravitational waves and CMBR polarization

KW - inflation

KW - cosmological parameters from CMBR

U2 - 10.1088/1475-7516/2012/02/008

DO - 10.1088/1475-7516/2012/02/008

M3 - Journal article

VL - 2012

JO - Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics

JF - Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics

SN - 1475-7516

IS - 2

ER -