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Observations of HF radio propagation at high latitudes and predictions using data-driven simulations

Research output: Contribution to conference - Without ISBN/ISSN Conference paper

Publication date9/05/2017
Number of pages7
<mark>Original language</mark>English
Event15th International Ionospheric Effects Symposium - Crowne Plaza Hotel, Alexandria, VA, United States
Duration: 9/05/201711/05/2017


Symposium15th International Ionospheric Effects Symposium
Abbreviated titleIES 2017
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAlexandria, VA
Internet address


Researchers at the University of Leicester, Lancaster University and St Petersburg State University have developed various models that can be employed in HF radio propagation predictions. Signal coverage predictions make use of numerical ray tracing to estimate the ray paths through a model
ionosphere that includes various ionospheric features prevalent at high latitudes (in particular patches, arcs, ionisation tongue, auroral zone irregularities and the mid-latitude trough). Modelling of D-region absorption is also included. GOES satellites provide information on X-ray flux (causing shortwave fadeout during solar flares) and precipitating energetic proton flux which correlates strongly with Polar Cap Absorption (PCA). Solar wind and interplanetary magnetic field measurements from the ACE or DSCOVR spacecraft provide geomagnetic index estimates used to model the location of both auroral absorption and the proton rigidity cutoff boundary that defines
the latitudinal extent of PCA during solar proton events (SPE). This paper presents measurements and associated modelling for a 9 day period.