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Offline Calibration for Infant Gaze and Head Tracking across a Wide Horizontal Visual Field

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Article number972
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>14/01/2023
Issue number2
Number of pages14
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Most well-established eye-tracking research paradigms adopt remote systems, which typically feature regular flat screens of limited width. Limitations of current eye-tracking methods over a wide area include calibration, the significant loss of data due to head movements, and the reduction of data quality over the course of an experimental session. Here, we introduced a novel method of tracking gaze and head movements that combines the possibility of investigating a wide field of view and an offline calibration procedure to enhance the accuracy of measurements. A 4-camera Smart Eye Pro system was adapted for infant research to detect gaze movements across 126° of the horizontal meridian. To accurately track this visual area, an online system calibration was combined with a new offline gaze calibration procedure. Results revealed that the proposed system successfully tracked infants’ head and gaze beyond the average screen size. The implementation of an offline calibration procedure improved the validity and spatial accuracy of measures by correcting a systematic top-right error (1.38° mean horizontal error and 1.46° mean vertical error). This approach could be critical for deriving accurate physiological measures from the eye and represents a substantial methodological advance for tracking looking behaviour across both central and peripheral regions. The offline calibration is particularly useful for work with developing populations, such as infants, and for people who may have difficulties in following instructions.