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    Rights statement: This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication/published in Astrophysical Journal. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ac1067

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On the role of solar wind expansion as a source of whistler waves: Scattering of suprathermal electrons and heat flux regulation in the inner heliosphere

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On the role of solar wind expansion as a source of whistler waves : Scattering of suprathermal electrons and heat flux regulation in the inner heliosphere. / Micera, A.; Zhukov, A.N.; López, R.A.; Boella, E.; Tenerani, A.; Velli, M.; Lapenta, G.; Innocenti, M.E.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 919, No. 1, 42, 22.09.2021.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Micera, A, Zhukov, AN, López, RA, Boella, E, Tenerani, A, Velli, M, Lapenta, G & Innocenti, ME 2021, 'On the role of solar wind expansion as a source of whistler waves: Scattering of suprathermal electrons and heat flux regulation in the inner heliosphere', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 919, no. 1, 42. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ac1067

APA

Micera, A., Zhukov, A. N., López, R. A., Boella, E., Tenerani, A., Velli, M., Lapenta, G., & Innocenti, M. E. (2021). On the role of solar wind expansion as a source of whistler waves: Scattering of suprathermal electrons and heat flux regulation in the inner heliosphere. Astrophysical Journal, 919(1), [42]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ac1067

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Author

Micera, A. ; Zhukov, A.N. ; López, R.A. ; Boella, E. ; Tenerani, A. ; Velli, M. ; Lapenta, G. ; Innocenti, M.E. / On the role of solar wind expansion as a source of whistler waves : Scattering of suprathermal electrons and heat flux regulation in the inner heliosphere. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2021 ; Vol. 919, No. 1.

Bibtex

@article{b292d70f6c7043e1b12188e272764b32,
title = "On the role of solar wind expansion as a source of whistler waves: Scattering of suprathermal electrons and heat flux regulation in the inner heliosphere",
abstract = "The role of solar wind expansion in generating whistler waves is investigated using the EB-iPic3D code, which models solar wind expansion self-consistently within a fully kinetic semi-implicit approach. The simulation is initialized with an electron velocity distribution function modeled after observations of the Parker Solar Probe during its first perihelion at 0.166 au, consisting of a dense core and an antisunward strahl. This distribution function is initially stable with respect to kinetic instabilities. Expansion drives the solar wind into successive regimes where whistler heat flux instabilities are triggered. These instabilities produce sunward whistler waves initially characterized by predominantly oblique propagation with respect to the interplanetary magnetic field. The excited waves interact with the electrons via resonant scattering processes. As a consequence, the strahl pitch angle distribution broadens and its drift velocity reduces. The strahl electrons are scattered in the direction perpendicular to the magnetic field, and an electron halo is formed. At a later stage, resonant electron firehose instability is triggered and further affects the electron temperature anisotropy as the solar wind expands. Wave–particle interaction processes are accompanied by a substantial reduction of the solar wind heat flux. The simulated whistler waves are in qualitative agreement with observations in terms of wave frequencies, amplitudes, and propagation angles. Our work proposes an explanation for the observations of oblique and parallel whistler waves in the solar wind. We conclude that solar wind expansion has to be factored in when trying to explain kinetic processes at different heliocentric distances.",
author = "A. Micera and A.N. Zhukov and R.A. L{\'o}pez and E. Boella and A. Tenerani and M. Velli and G. Lapenta and M.E. Innocenti",
note = "This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication/published in Astrophysical Journal. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ac1067",
year = "2021",
month = sep,
day = "22",
doi = "10.3847/1538-4357/ac1067",
language = "English",
volume = "919",
journal = "The Astrophysical Journal",
issn = "0004-637X",
publisher = "Institute of Physics Publishing",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - On the role of solar wind expansion as a source of whistler waves

T2 - Scattering of suprathermal electrons and heat flux regulation in the inner heliosphere

AU - Micera, A.

AU - Zhukov, A.N.

AU - López, R.A.

AU - Boella, E.

AU - Tenerani, A.

AU - Velli, M.

AU - Lapenta, G.

AU - Innocenti, M.E.

N1 - This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication/published in Astrophysical Journal. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ac1067

PY - 2021/9/22

Y1 - 2021/9/22

N2 - The role of solar wind expansion in generating whistler waves is investigated using the EB-iPic3D code, which models solar wind expansion self-consistently within a fully kinetic semi-implicit approach. The simulation is initialized with an electron velocity distribution function modeled after observations of the Parker Solar Probe during its first perihelion at 0.166 au, consisting of a dense core and an antisunward strahl. This distribution function is initially stable with respect to kinetic instabilities. Expansion drives the solar wind into successive regimes where whistler heat flux instabilities are triggered. These instabilities produce sunward whistler waves initially characterized by predominantly oblique propagation with respect to the interplanetary magnetic field. The excited waves interact with the electrons via resonant scattering processes. As a consequence, the strahl pitch angle distribution broadens and its drift velocity reduces. The strahl electrons are scattered in the direction perpendicular to the magnetic field, and an electron halo is formed. At a later stage, resonant electron firehose instability is triggered and further affects the electron temperature anisotropy as the solar wind expands. Wave–particle interaction processes are accompanied by a substantial reduction of the solar wind heat flux. The simulated whistler waves are in qualitative agreement with observations in terms of wave frequencies, amplitudes, and propagation angles. Our work proposes an explanation for the observations of oblique and parallel whistler waves in the solar wind. We conclude that solar wind expansion has to be factored in when trying to explain kinetic processes at different heliocentric distances.

AB - The role of solar wind expansion in generating whistler waves is investigated using the EB-iPic3D code, which models solar wind expansion self-consistently within a fully kinetic semi-implicit approach. The simulation is initialized with an electron velocity distribution function modeled after observations of the Parker Solar Probe during its first perihelion at 0.166 au, consisting of a dense core and an antisunward strahl. This distribution function is initially stable with respect to kinetic instabilities. Expansion drives the solar wind into successive regimes where whistler heat flux instabilities are triggered. These instabilities produce sunward whistler waves initially characterized by predominantly oblique propagation with respect to the interplanetary magnetic field. The excited waves interact with the electrons via resonant scattering processes. As a consequence, the strahl pitch angle distribution broadens and its drift velocity reduces. The strahl electrons are scattered in the direction perpendicular to the magnetic field, and an electron halo is formed. At a later stage, resonant electron firehose instability is triggered and further affects the electron temperature anisotropy as the solar wind expands. Wave–particle interaction processes are accompanied by a substantial reduction of the solar wind heat flux. The simulated whistler waves are in qualitative agreement with observations in terms of wave frequencies, amplitudes, and propagation angles. Our work proposes an explanation for the observations of oblique and parallel whistler waves in the solar wind. We conclude that solar wind expansion has to be factored in when trying to explain kinetic processes at different heliocentric distances.

U2 - 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1067

DO - 10.3847/1538-4357/ac1067

M3 - Journal article

VL - 919

JO - The Astrophysical Journal

JF - The Astrophysical Journal

SN - 0004-637X

IS - 1

M1 - 42

ER -