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On the Spectrum and Energy Efficiency in Dynamic Licensed Shared Access Systems: A Multiobjective Optimization Approach

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Article number8895813
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>13/11/2019
<mark>Journal</mark>IEEE Access
Number of pages16
Pages (from-to)164517-164532
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


In licensed shared access (LSA) systems, the protection of the incumbent in the shared spectrum may degrade the spectrum and energy efficiency of the licensee. In this paper, we examine the optimization of these two performance metrics in a LSA vertical sharing scenario between an airport incumbent, and a mobile network operator licensee. Considering a restriction zone of a pre-defined radius, we derive the probability of the incumbent's interference threshold and then formulate a power allocation scheme as a multi-objective optimization of both energy and spectrum efficiency. We then adopt the weighted sum method to convert this multi-objective optimization into a single objective optimization and convert that into a quasi concave optimization problem. The optimum power allocation is then obtained using fractional programming. We further investigate the impact of various critical operational parameters in conjunction with the two performance metrics. Simulation results indicate a significantly improved energy efficiency in the licensee network as well as the spectrum efficiency comparable to even when the LSA spectrum utilization is unrestricted by the incumbent's maximum interference threshold. Furthermore, we show that with careful selection of the licensee eNodeB coverage radius, transmit power, and users number per eNodeB coverage area, one can engineer the best possible trade-off between the spectrum and energy efficiency.