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Optical magnetism and wavefront control by arrays of strontium atoms

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Optical magnetism and wavefront control by arrays of strontium atoms. / Ballantine, Kyle; Wilkowski, David; Ruostekoski, Janne.

In: Physical Review Research, Vol. 4, No. 3, 033242, 27.09.2022.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

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Ballantine K, Wilkowski D, Ruostekoski J. Optical magnetism and wavefront control by arrays of strontium atoms. Physical Review Research. 2022 Sep 27;4(3):033242. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevResearch.4.033242

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Ballantine, Kyle ; Wilkowski, David ; Ruostekoski, Janne. / Optical magnetism and wavefront control by arrays of strontium atoms. In: Physical Review Research. 2022 ; Vol. 4, No. 3.

Bibtex

@article{eff3e4f76a084c9b8f058e851b2af359,
title = "Optical magnetism and wavefront control by arrays of strontium atoms",
abstract = "By analyzing the parameters of electronic transitions, we show how bosonic Sr atoms in planar optical lattices can be engineered to exhibit optical magnetism and other higher-order electromagnetic multipoles that can be harnessed for wavefront control of incident light. Resonant λ ≃ 2.6μm light for the 3D1→3P0 transition mediates cooperative interactions between the atoms while the atoms are trapped in a deeply subwavelength optical lattice. The atoms then exhibit collective excitation eigenmodes, e.g., with a strong cooperative magnetic response at optical frequencies, despite individual atoms having negligible coupling to the magnetic component of light. We provide a detailed scheme to utilize excitations of such cooperative modes consisting of arrays of electromagnetic multipoles to form an atomic Huygens' surface, with complete 2π phase control of transmitted light and almost no reflection, allowing nearly arbitrary wavefront shaping. In the numerical examples, this is achieved by controlling the atomic level shifts of Sr with off-resonant 3PJ→3D1 transitions, which results in a simultaneous excitation of arrays of electric dipoles and electric quadrupoles or magnetic dipoles. We demonstrate the wavefront engineering for a Sr array by realizing the steering of an incident beam and generation of a baby-Skyrmion texture in the transmitted light via a topologically nontrivial transition of a Gaussian beam to a Poincar{\'e} beam, which contains all possible polarizations in a single cross-section.",
author = "Kyle Ballantine and David Wilkowski and Janne Ruostekoski",
year = "2022",
month = sep,
day = "27",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevResearch.4.033242",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
journal = "Physical Review Research",
issn = "2643-1564",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Optical magnetism and wavefront control by arrays of strontium atoms

AU - Ballantine, Kyle

AU - Wilkowski, David

AU - Ruostekoski, Janne

PY - 2022/9/27

Y1 - 2022/9/27

N2 - By analyzing the parameters of electronic transitions, we show how bosonic Sr atoms in planar optical lattices can be engineered to exhibit optical magnetism and other higher-order electromagnetic multipoles that can be harnessed for wavefront control of incident light. Resonant λ ≃ 2.6μm light for the 3D1→3P0 transition mediates cooperative interactions between the atoms while the atoms are trapped in a deeply subwavelength optical lattice. The atoms then exhibit collective excitation eigenmodes, e.g., with a strong cooperative magnetic response at optical frequencies, despite individual atoms having negligible coupling to the magnetic component of light. We provide a detailed scheme to utilize excitations of such cooperative modes consisting of arrays of electromagnetic multipoles to form an atomic Huygens' surface, with complete 2π phase control of transmitted light and almost no reflection, allowing nearly arbitrary wavefront shaping. In the numerical examples, this is achieved by controlling the atomic level shifts of Sr with off-resonant 3PJ→3D1 transitions, which results in a simultaneous excitation of arrays of electric dipoles and electric quadrupoles or magnetic dipoles. We demonstrate the wavefront engineering for a Sr array by realizing the steering of an incident beam and generation of a baby-Skyrmion texture in the transmitted light via a topologically nontrivial transition of a Gaussian beam to a Poincaré beam, which contains all possible polarizations in a single cross-section.

AB - By analyzing the parameters of electronic transitions, we show how bosonic Sr atoms in planar optical lattices can be engineered to exhibit optical magnetism and other higher-order electromagnetic multipoles that can be harnessed for wavefront control of incident light. Resonant λ ≃ 2.6μm light for the 3D1→3P0 transition mediates cooperative interactions between the atoms while the atoms are trapped in a deeply subwavelength optical lattice. The atoms then exhibit collective excitation eigenmodes, e.g., with a strong cooperative magnetic response at optical frequencies, despite individual atoms having negligible coupling to the magnetic component of light. We provide a detailed scheme to utilize excitations of such cooperative modes consisting of arrays of electromagnetic multipoles to form an atomic Huygens' surface, with complete 2π phase control of transmitted light and almost no reflection, allowing nearly arbitrary wavefront shaping. In the numerical examples, this is achieved by controlling the atomic level shifts of Sr with off-resonant 3PJ→3D1 transitions, which results in a simultaneous excitation of arrays of electric dipoles and electric quadrupoles or magnetic dipoles. We demonstrate the wavefront engineering for a Sr array by realizing the steering of an incident beam and generation of a baby-Skyrmion texture in the transmitted light via a topologically nontrivial transition of a Gaussian beam to a Poincaré beam, which contains all possible polarizations in a single cross-section.

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevResearch.4.033242

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevResearch.4.033242

M3 - Journal article

VL - 4

JO - Physical Review Research

JF - Physical Review Research

SN - 2643-1564

IS - 3

M1 - 033242

ER -