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Paradise lost?: the case of technology based small firms in New Zealand in the post-global financial crisis economic environment

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Paradise lost? the case of technology based small firms in New Zealand in the post-global financial crisis economic environment. / Deakins, David; North, David; Bensemann, Jo.

In: Venture Capital: An International Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance, Vol. 17, No. 1-2, 2015, p. 129-150.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Deakins, D, North, D & Bensemann, J 2015, 'Paradise lost? the case of technology based small firms in New Zealand in the post-global financial crisis economic environment', Venture Capital: An International Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance, vol. 17, no. 1-2, pp. 129-150. https://doi.org/10.1080/13691066.2015.1021031

APA

Deakins, D., North, D., & Bensemann, J. (2015). Paradise lost? the case of technology based small firms in New Zealand in the post-global financial crisis economic environment. Venture Capital: An International Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance, 17(1-2), 129-150. https://doi.org/10.1080/13691066.2015.1021031

Vancouver

Author

Deakins, David ; North, David ; Bensemann, Jo. / Paradise lost? the case of technology based small firms in New Zealand in the post-global financial crisis economic environment. In: Venture Capital: An International Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance. 2015 ; Vol. 17, No. 1-2. pp. 129-150.

Bibtex

@article{a650f9fef70c42f3a4642ace7a314852,
title = "Paradise lost?: the case of technology based small firms in New Zealand in the post-global financial crisis economic environment",
abstract = "In this paper, we draw on two studies that used face-to-face, qualitative interviews with technology-based small firms (TBSFs) and informal interviews with key informants. The interviews took place with two data-sets of TBSFs, the first with 20 firms in 2011 and the second with 34 agri-businesses in 2013. This study provides some temporal comparisons of the funding environment for TBSFs in New Zealand, but this is not a longitudinal study as the two data-sets were obtained from the recruitment of different firms. However, all the TBSFs were located in New Zealand, a small open economy with a limited domestic market, a population of 4.4 million, GDP per capita of US$32,260 (2010) and arguably an immature and limited financial infrastructure. This environment is complex for founding new businesses by technology-based entrepreneurs as developing and staying in New Zealand means accepting being a long distance from major overseas markets even though TBSFs have potential to be in global markets, in practice. Such TBSFs, therefore, face pressure to move overseas for markets and for finance and other resources; if successful they may make attractive takeover targets for overseas investors and MNCs. Despite these challenges, TBSFs have been promoted as key contributors to GDP and a way of filling the New Zealand productivity gap (compared with Australia and other developed nations). Although we find evidence of the development of embryonic regional and specialised business angel networks on the supply-side of finance, there is still a marked reluctance to undertake a search for external equity and evidence of discouraged borrowing and discouraged grant-based applications on the demand-side. New Zealand is sometimes described as {\textquoteleft}paradise{\textquoteright} (The use of this term often refers to a fondness for the high quality of life in New Zealand and its economic environment, not just the natural beauty of the country). due to its natural and outstanding beauty, but in our conclusions we suggest that the comparatively stable economic environment has not operated in favour of TBSFs.",
keywords = "technology-based small firms, New Zealand, internationalisation",
author = "David Deakins and David North and Jo Bensemann",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1080/13691066.2015.1021031",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "129--150",
journal = "Venture Capital: An International Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance",
issn = "1369-1066",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "1-2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Paradise lost?

T2 - the case of technology based small firms in New Zealand in the post-global financial crisis economic environment

AU - Deakins, David

AU - North, David

AU - Bensemann, Jo

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - In this paper, we draw on two studies that used face-to-face, qualitative interviews with technology-based small firms (TBSFs) and informal interviews with key informants. The interviews took place with two data-sets of TBSFs, the first with 20 firms in 2011 and the second with 34 agri-businesses in 2013. This study provides some temporal comparisons of the funding environment for TBSFs in New Zealand, but this is not a longitudinal study as the two data-sets were obtained from the recruitment of different firms. However, all the TBSFs were located in New Zealand, a small open economy with a limited domestic market, a population of 4.4 million, GDP per capita of US$32,260 (2010) and arguably an immature and limited financial infrastructure. This environment is complex for founding new businesses by technology-based entrepreneurs as developing and staying in New Zealand means accepting being a long distance from major overseas markets even though TBSFs have potential to be in global markets, in practice. Such TBSFs, therefore, face pressure to move overseas for markets and for finance and other resources; if successful they may make attractive takeover targets for overseas investors and MNCs. Despite these challenges, TBSFs have been promoted as key contributors to GDP and a way of filling the New Zealand productivity gap (compared with Australia and other developed nations). Although we find evidence of the development of embryonic regional and specialised business angel networks on the supply-side of finance, there is still a marked reluctance to undertake a search for external equity and evidence of discouraged borrowing and discouraged grant-based applications on the demand-side. New Zealand is sometimes described as ‘paradise’ (The use of this term often refers to a fondness for the high quality of life in New Zealand and its economic environment, not just the natural beauty of the country). due to its natural and outstanding beauty, but in our conclusions we suggest that the comparatively stable economic environment has not operated in favour of TBSFs.

AB - In this paper, we draw on two studies that used face-to-face, qualitative interviews with technology-based small firms (TBSFs) and informal interviews with key informants. The interviews took place with two data-sets of TBSFs, the first with 20 firms in 2011 and the second with 34 agri-businesses in 2013. This study provides some temporal comparisons of the funding environment for TBSFs in New Zealand, but this is not a longitudinal study as the two data-sets were obtained from the recruitment of different firms. However, all the TBSFs were located in New Zealand, a small open economy with a limited domestic market, a population of 4.4 million, GDP per capita of US$32,260 (2010) and arguably an immature and limited financial infrastructure. This environment is complex for founding new businesses by technology-based entrepreneurs as developing and staying in New Zealand means accepting being a long distance from major overseas markets even though TBSFs have potential to be in global markets, in practice. Such TBSFs, therefore, face pressure to move overseas for markets and for finance and other resources; if successful they may make attractive takeover targets for overseas investors and MNCs. Despite these challenges, TBSFs have been promoted as key contributors to GDP and a way of filling the New Zealand productivity gap (compared with Australia and other developed nations). Although we find evidence of the development of embryonic regional and specialised business angel networks on the supply-side of finance, there is still a marked reluctance to undertake a search for external equity and evidence of discouraged borrowing and discouraged grant-based applications on the demand-side. New Zealand is sometimes described as ‘paradise’ (The use of this term often refers to a fondness for the high quality of life in New Zealand and its economic environment, not just the natural beauty of the country). due to its natural and outstanding beauty, but in our conclusions we suggest that the comparatively stable economic environment has not operated in favour of TBSFs.

KW - technology-based small firms

KW - New Zealand

KW - internationalisation

U2 - 10.1080/13691066.2015.1021031

DO - 10.1080/13691066.2015.1021031

M3 - Journal article

VL - 17

SP - 129

EP - 150

JO - Venture Capital: An International Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance

JF - Venture Capital: An International Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance

SN - 1369-1066

IS - 1-2

ER -