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Plasticisers in the terrestrial environment: sources, occurrence and fate

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Plasticisers in the terrestrial environment: sources, occurrence and fate. / Billings, Alex; Jones, Kevin; Pereira, M. Glória; Spurgeon, David J.

In: Environmental Chemistry, Vol. 18, No. 3, 30.09.2021, p. 111-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Billings, A, Jones, K, Pereira, MG & Spurgeon, DJ 2021, 'Plasticisers in the terrestrial environment: sources, occurrence and fate', Environmental Chemistry, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 111-130. https://doi.org/10.1071/EN21033

APA

Billings, A., Jones, K., Pereira, M. G., & Spurgeon, D. J. (2021). Plasticisers in the terrestrial environment: sources, occurrence and fate. Environmental Chemistry, 18(3), 111-130. https://doi.org/10.1071/EN21033

Vancouver

Author

Billings, Alex ; Jones, Kevin ; Pereira, M. Glória ; Spurgeon, David J. / Plasticisers in the terrestrial environment: sources, occurrence and fate. In: Environmental Chemistry. 2021 ; Vol. 18, No. 3. pp. 111-130.

Bibtex

@article{96d56b60870a41a88ac38499cd746bc5,
title = "Plasticisers in the terrestrial environment: sources, occurrence and fate",
abstract = "Modern society is widely dependent upon plastic. Therefore, it is unsurprising that macro- and microplastic pollution is found in every environmental compartment on earth. Plasticisers are chemicals added to plastics to increase their flexibility. Like plastics themselves, plasticisers are also widely present in the environment. Plasticisers and plastic debris may undergo long-range transport in the atmosphere and the oceans, contaminating even the most remote areas of land. In addition, although plasticisers typically degrade in a matter of weeks–months, they can persist in soil for decades and have been shown to occur in all land uses studied. Some plasticisers are genotoxic and can be taken up by soil organisms, which may pose a risk to ecosystems and human health. To date the majority of data on plasticisers exists for phthalates. However, plasticisers are a diverse range of chemicals and with the increasing transfer to non-phthalate alternatives, research into the fate and effects of emerging plasticisers is required to determine their environmental risk and management options. Data on the occurrence and ecotoxicity of emerging plasticisers, in addition to the impacts of all plasticisers on terrestrial ecosystems, therefore, remain a key research need within the wider plastics debate.",
keywords = "Plasticiser, Soil, Phthalate, Microplastic, Nanoplastic, Plastic, Terrestrial, Plastic pollution, Hazard, Litter",
author = "Alex Billings and Kevin Jones and Pereira, {M. Gl{\'o}ria} and Spurgeon, {David J.}",
year = "2021",
month = sep,
day = "30",
doi = "10.1071/EN21033",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "111--130",
journal = "Environmental Chemistry",
issn = "1448-2517",
publisher = "CSIRO",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Plasticisers in the terrestrial environment: sources, occurrence and fate

AU - Billings, Alex

AU - Jones, Kevin

AU - Pereira, M. Glória

AU - Spurgeon, David J.

PY - 2021/9/30

Y1 - 2021/9/30

N2 - Modern society is widely dependent upon plastic. Therefore, it is unsurprising that macro- and microplastic pollution is found in every environmental compartment on earth. Plasticisers are chemicals added to plastics to increase their flexibility. Like plastics themselves, plasticisers are also widely present in the environment. Plasticisers and plastic debris may undergo long-range transport in the atmosphere and the oceans, contaminating even the most remote areas of land. In addition, although plasticisers typically degrade in a matter of weeks–months, they can persist in soil for decades and have been shown to occur in all land uses studied. Some plasticisers are genotoxic and can be taken up by soil organisms, which may pose a risk to ecosystems and human health. To date the majority of data on plasticisers exists for phthalates. However, plasticisers are a diverse range of chemicals and with the increasing transfer to non-phthalate alternatives, research into the fate and effects of emerging plasticisers is required to determine their environmental risk and management options. Data on the occurrence and ecotoxicity of emerging plasticisers, in addition to the impacts of all plasticisers on terrestrial ecosystems, therefore, remain a key research need within the wider plastics debate.

AB - Modern society is widely dependent upon plastic. Therefore, it is unsurprising that macro- and microplastic pollution is found in every environmental compartment on earth. Plasticisers are chemicals added to plastics to increase their flexibility. Like plastics themselves, plasticisers are also widely present in the environment. Plasticisers and plastic debris may undergo long-range transport in the atmosphere and the oceans, contaminating even the most remote areas of land. In addition, although plasticisers typically degrade in a matter of weeks–months, they can persist in soil for decades and have been shown to occur in all land uses studied. Some plasticisers are genotoxic and can be taken up by soil organisms, which may pose a risk to ecosystems and human health. To date the majority of data on plasticisers exists for phthalates. However, plasticisers are a diverse range of chemicals and with the increasing transfer to non-phthalate alternatives, research into the fate and effects of emerging plasticisers is required to determine their environmental risk and management options. Data on the occurrence and ecotoxicity of emerging plasticisers, in addition to the impacts of all plasticisers on terrestrial ecosystems, therefore, remain a key research need within the wider plastics debate.

KW - Plasticiser

KW - Soil

KW - Phthalate

KW - Microplastic

KW - Nanoplastic

KW - Plastic

KW - Terrestrial

KW - Plastic pollution

KW - Hazard

KW - Litter

U2 - 10.1071/EN21033

DO - 10.1071/EN21033

M3 - Journal article

VL - 18

SP - 111

EP - 130

JO - Environmental Chemistry

JF - Environmental Chemistry

SN - 1448-2517

IS - 3

ER -