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Poly(2-Hydroxyethyl Methacrylate) Hydrogel-Based Microneedles for Metformin Release

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Article number2300002
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>31/08/2023
<mark>Journal</mark>Global Challenges
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)2300002
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date5/07/23
<mark>Original language</mark>English


The release of metformin, a drug used in the treatment of cancer and diabetes, from poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate), pHEMA, hydrogel-based microneedle patches is demonstrated in vitro. Tuning the composition of the pHEMA hydrogels enables preparation of robust microneedle patches with mechanical properties such that they would penetrate skin (insertion force of a single microneedle to be ≈40 N). Swelling experiments conducted at 20, 35, and 60 °C show temperature-dependent degrees of swelling and diffusion kinetics. Drug release from the pHEMA hydrogel-based microneedles is fitted to various models (e.g., zero order, first order, second order). Such pHEMA microneedles have potential application for transdermal delivery of metformin for the treatment of aging, cancer, diabetes, etc.