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Quantum coherence in a single-Cooper-pair box: experiments in the frequency and time domains

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>11/05/2000
<mark>Journal</mark>Physica B: Condensed Matter
Issue number1
Volume280
Number of pages5
Pages (from-to)405-409
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

In a small superconducting electrode connected to a reservoir via a Josephson junction, we can realize an artificial two-level system in which two charge-number states of the electrode are coupled by Cooper-pair tunneling. We have investigated quantum coherence in the two-level system through two complementary experiments: (i) photon-assisted Cooper-pair-tunneling spectroscopy of the energy-level splitting in the frequency domain, and (ii) pulsed-gate control of the quantum state to observe the coherent oscillations in the time domain. Our results demonstrate the existence and the persistence of the coherence for at least ∼30 cycles of the oscillation.