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Reasons to Expect Psychopathy and Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) to Vary Across Cultures

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

Publication date15/12/2021
Host publicationPsychopathy: Its Uses, Validity and Status
Editors Luca Malatesti, John McMillan, Predrag Šustar
Place of PublicationCham
Number of pages16
ISBN (electronic)9783030824549
ISBN (print)9783030824532
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Publication series

NameHistory, Philosophy and Theory of the Life Sciences
ISSN (Print)2211-1948
ISSN (electronic)2211-1956


I present two philosophical arguments that Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) and Psychopathy can be expected to be culturally variable. I argue that the ways in which people with ASPD and psychopaths can be expected to act will vary with societal values and culture. In the second part of the chapter, I will briefly review some of the empirical literature on cross-cultural variation in ASPD and psychopathy and argue that it is consistent with my philosophical claims. My conclusion in this chapter is that methods of diagnosis will need to be culturally specific. A diagnostic instrument (such as the PCL-R or DSM) should not be uncritically employed in cultures that are very different from those in which it was initially developed.