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Review of the Accomplishments of Mid-latitude Super Dual Auroral Radar Network (SuperDARN) HF Radars

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  • N. Nishitani
  • J.M. Ruohoniemi
  • M. Lester
  • J. Baker
  • A.V. Koustov
  • S. Shepherd
  • G. Chisham
  • T. Hori
  • E. Thomas
  • R.A. Makarevich
  • A. Marchaudon
  • P. V. Ponomarenko
  • James Anderson Wild
  • S.E. Milan
  • W.A. Bristow
  • J. C. Devlin
  • E. Miller
  • R.A. Greenwald
  • T. Ogawa
  • T. Kikuchi
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Article number27
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>18/03/2019
<mark>Journal</mark>Progress in Earth and Planetary Science
Volume6
Number of pages57
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

The Super Dual Auroral Radar Network (SuperDARN) is a network of High Frequency (HF) radars located in the high- and mid-latitude regions of both hemispheres that is operated under international cooperation. The network was originally designed for monitoring the dynamics of the ionosphere and upper atmosphere in the high-latitude regions. However, over the last approximately 15 years SuperDARN has expanded into the mid-latitude regions. With radar coverage that now extends continuously from auroral to sub-auroral and mid-latitudes a wide variety of new scientific findings have been obtained. In this paper, the background of mid-latitude SuperDARN is presented at first. Then the accomplishments made with mid-latitude SuperDARN radars are reviewed in five specified scientific and technical areas: convection, ionospheric irregularities, HF propagation analysis, ion-neutral interactions and magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) waves. Finally, the present status of mid-latitude SuperDARN is updated and directions for future research are discussed.