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Search for Subsolar-Mass Binaries in the First Half of Advanced LIGO's and Advanced Virgo's Third Observing Run

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  • LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration
Article number061104
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>5/08/2022
<mark>Journal</mark>Physical review letters
Issue number6
Number of pages16
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


We report on a search for compact binary coalescences where at least one binary component has a mass between 0.2 M and 1.0 M in Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo data collected between 1 April 2019 1500 UTC and 1 October 2019 1500 UTC. We extend our previous analyses in two main ways: we include data from the Virgo detector and we allow for more unequal mass systems, with mass ratio q≥0.1. We do not report any gravitational-wave candidates. The most significant trigger has a false alarm rate of 0.14 yr-1. This implies an upper limit on the merger rate of subsolar binaries in the range [220-24200] Gpc-3 yr-1, depending on the chirp mass of the binary. We use this upper limit to derive astrophysical constraints on two phenomenological models that could produce subsolar-mass compact objects. One is an isotropic distribution of equal-mass primordial black holes. Using this model, we find that the fraction of dark matter in primordial black holes in the mass range 0.2 M