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Simultaneous localization and mapping in a multi-robot system in a dynamic environment with unknown initial correspondence

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Article number1291672
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>11/01/2024
<mark>Journal</mark>Frontiers in Robotics and AI
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


A basic assumption in most approaches to simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) is the static nature of the environment. In recent years, some research has been devoted to the field of SLAM in dynamic environments. However, most of the studies conducted in this field have implemented SLAM by removing and filtering the moving landmarks. Moreover, the use of several robots in large, complex, and dynamic environments can significantly improve performance on the localization and mapping task, which has attracted many researchers to this problem more recently. In multi-robot SLAM, the robots can cooperate in a decentralized manner without the need for a central processing center to obtain their positions and a more precise map of the environment. In this article, a new decentralized approach is presented for multi-robot SLAM problems in dynamic environments with unknown initial correspondence. The proposed method applies a modified Fast-SLAM method, which implements SLAM in a decentralized manner by considering moving landmarks in the environment. Due to the unknown initial correspondence of the robots, a geographical approach is embedded in the proposed algorithm to align and merge their maps. Data association is also embedded in the algorithm; this is performed using the measurement predictions in the SLAM process of each robot. Finally, simulation results are provided to demonstrate the performance of the proposed method.