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Smart learning… a paradigm shift again?: A critical analysis of a paradigm shift discourse in online education

Research output: Contribution to conference - Without ISBN/ISSN Conference paperpeer-review

Publication date20/04/2016
<mark>Original language</mark>English
EventInternational Conference on Educational Technology 2016 - Seoul, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
Duration: 20/04/2016 → …


ConferenceInternational Conference on Educational Technology 2016
Country/TerritoryKorea, Democratic People's Republic of
Period20/04/16 → …


This paper will discuss the limitations of the philosophical and theoretical underpinnings of the
increasingly popular educational discourse of smart learning by analysing previously popular educational discourse about online education as a new learning paradigm in higher education. As often promoted in the literature or social documents, for smart learning to be an alternative to online learning—which is considered to be unsuccessful in improving current higher educational practices and shifting the learning paradigm to the one based on social constructivism—it is necessary to learn from the unsuccessful history of online education. In addition to conducting an analytic literature review of online education, the author conducted interviews with a group of learning designers (n=12) working at two online institutions (one in North America and one in the Asian Pacific region) to more closely investigate the discrepancies between the rhetorical paradigm shift discourse and the actual pedagogical practices of online education in higher education context.