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Socioeconomic status, anthropometric status, and psychomotor development of Kenyan children from resource-limited settings: a path-analytic study

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Socioeconomic status, anthropometric status, and psychomotor development of Kenyan children from resource-limited settings : a path-analytic study. / Abubakar, Amina; Van de Vijver, Fons; Van Baar, Anneloes et al.

In: Early Human Development, Vol. 84, No. 9, 09.2008, p. 613-621.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Abubakar, A, Van de Vijver, F, Van Baar, A, Mbonani, L, Kalu, R, Newton, C & Holding, P 2008, 'Socioeconomic status, anthropometric status, and psychomotor development of Kenyan children from resource-limited settings: a path-analytic study', Early Human Development, vol. 84, no. 9, pp. 613-621. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2008.02.003

APA

Vancouver

Abubakar A, Van de Vijver F, Van Baar A, Mbonani L, Kalu R, Newton C et al. Socioeconomic status, anthropometric status, and psychomotor development of Kenyan children from resource-limited settings: a path-analytic study. Early Human Development. 2008 Sep;84(9):613-621. doi: 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2008.02.003

Author

Abubakar, Amina ; Van de Vijver, Fons ; Van Baar, Anneloes et al. / Socioeconomic status, anthropometric status, and psychomotor development of Kenyan children from resource-limited settings : a path-analytic study. In: Early Human Development. 2008 ; Vol. 84, No. 9. pp. 613-621.

Bibtex

@article{b835b6f589a14625bdc038edf150c185,
title = "Socioeconomic status, anthropometric status, and psychomotor development of Kenyan children from resource-limited settings: a path-analytic study",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Sub-optimal physical growth has been suggested as a key pathway between the effect of environmental risk and developmental outcome.AIM: To determine if anthropometric status mediates the relation between socioeconomic status and psychomotor development of young children in resource-limited settings.STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was used.SUBJECTS: A total of 204 (105 girls) children from two resource-limited communities in the Coast Province, Kenya. The mean age of these children was 29 months (SD = 3.43; range: 24-35 months).OUTCOME MEASURE: Psychomotor functioning was assessed using a locally developed and validated measure, the Kilifi Developmental Inventory.RESULTS: A significant association was found between anthropometric status (as measured by weight-for-age, height-for-age, mid-upper arm circumference, and head circumference) and psychomotor functioning and also between socioeconomic status and anthropometric status; no direct effects were found between socioeconomic status and developmental outcome. The models showed that weight, height and to a lesser extent mid-upper arm circumference mediate the relation between socioeconomic status and developmental outcome, while head circumference did not show the same effect.CONCLUSION: Among children under 3 years living in poverty, anthropometric status shows a clear association with psychomotor development while socioeconomic status may only have an indirect association.",
keywords = "Anthropometry, Body Height, Child, Child Development, Child, Preschool, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Growth Disorders, Humans, Kenya, Male, Nutritional Status, Poverty, Psychomotor Disorders, Social Class",
author = "Amina Abubakar and {Van de Vijver}, Fons and {Van Baar}, Anneloes and Leonard Mbonani and Raphael Kalu and Charles Newton and Penny Holding",
year = "2008",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2008.02.003",
language = "English",
volume = "84",
pages = "613--621",
journal = "Early Human Development",
issn = "0378-3782",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "9",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Socioeconomic status, anthropometric status, and psychomotor development of Kenyan children from resource-limited settings

T2 - a path-analytic study

AU - Abubakar, Amina

AU - Van de Vijver, Fons

AU - Van Baar, Anneloes

AU - Mbonani, Leonard

AU - Kalu, Raphael

AU - Newton, Charles

AU - Holding, Penny

PY - 2008/9

Y1 - 2008/9

N2 - BACKGROUND: Sub-optimal physical growth has been suggested as a key pathway between the effect of environmental risk and developmental outcome.AIM: To determine if anthropometric status mediates the relation between socioeconomic status and psychomotor development of young children in resource-limited settings.STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was used.SUBJECTS: A total of 204 (105 girls) children from two resource-limited communities in the Coast Province, Kenya. The mean age of these children was 29 months (SD = 3.43; range: 24-35 months).OUTCOME MEASURE: Psychomotor functioning was assessed using a locally developed and validated measure, the Kilifi Developmental Inventory.RESULTS: A significant association was found between anthropometric status (as measured by weight-for-age, height-for-age, mid-upper arm circumference, and head circumference) and psychomotor functioning and also between socioeconomic status and anthropometric status; no direct effects were found between socioeconomic status and developmental outcome. The models showed that weight, height and to a lesser extent mid-upper arm circumference mediate the relation between socioeconomic status and developmental outcome, while head circumference did not show the same effect.CONCLUSION: Among children under 3 years living in poverty, anthropometric status shows a clear association with psychomotor development while socioeconomic status may only have an indirect association.

AB - BACKGROUND: Sub-optimal physical growth has been suggested as a key pathway between the effect of environmental risk and developmental outcome.AIM: To determine if anthropometric status mediates the relation between socioeconomic status and psychomotor development of young children in resource-limited settings.STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was used.SUBJECTS: A total of 204 (105 girls) children from two resource-limited communities in the Coast Province, Kenya. The mean age of these children was 29 months (SD = 3.43; range: 24-35 months).OUTCOME MEASURE: Psychomotor functioning was assessed using a locally developed and validated measure, the Kilifi Developmental Inventory.RESULTS: A significant association was found between anthropometric status (as measured by weight-for-age, height-for-age, mid-upper arm circumference, and head circumference) and psychomotor functioning and also between socioeconomic status and anthropometric status; no direct effects were found between socioeconomic status and developmental outcome. The models showed that weight, height and to a lesser extent mid-upper arm circumference mediate the relation between socioeconomic status and developmental outcome, while head circumference did not show the same effect.CONCLUSION: Among children under 3 years living in poverty, anthropometric status shows a clear association with psychomotor development while socioeconomic status may only have an indirect association.

KW - Anthropometry

KW - Body Height

KW - Child

KW - Child Development

KW - Child, Preschool

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Female

KW - Growth Disorders

KW - Humans

KW - Kenya

KW - Male

KW - Nutritional Status

KW - Poverty

KW - Psychomotor Disorders

KW - Social Class

U2 - 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2008.02.003

DO - 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2008.02.003

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 18499363

VL - 84

SP - 613

EP - 621

JO - Early Human Development

JF - Early Human Development

SN - 0378-3782

IS - 9

ER -