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Something borrowed, something blue: the nature of blue metal-poor stars inferred from their colours and chemical abundances

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Something borrowed, something blue : the nature of blue metal-poor stars inferred from their colours and chemical abundances. / Hansen, C.J.; Jofre, P.; Koch, Andreas; McWilliam, A.; Sneden, C.S.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 598, A54, 02.2017.

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Hansen, C.J. ; Jofre, P. ; Koch, Andreas ; McWilliam, A. ; Sneden, C.S. / Something borrowed, something blue : the nature of blue metal-poor stars inferred from their colours and chemical abundances. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2017 ; Vol. 598.

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@article{1d8a59c8c2894995b10e04c8694b1aab,
title = "Something borrowed, something blue: the nature of blue metal-poor stars inferred from their colours and chemical abundances",
abstract = "Blue metal-poor (BMP) stars are main sequence stars that appear bluer and more luminous than normal turnoff stars. They were originally singled out by using B−V and U−B colour cuts.Early studies found that a larger fraction of field BMP stars were binaries compared to normal halo stars. Thus, BMP stars are ideal field blue straggler candidates for investigating internal stellar evolution processes and binary interaction. In particular, the presence or depletion in lithium in their spectra is a powerful indicator of their origin. They are either old, halo blue stragglers experiencing internal mixing processes or mass transfer (Li-depletion), or intermediate-age, single stars of possibly extragalactic origin (2.2 dex halo plateau Li). However, we note that internal mixing processes can lead to an increased level of Li. Hence, this study combines photometry and spectroscopy to unveil the origin of various BMP stars. We first show how to separate binaries from young blue stars using photometry, metallicity and lithium. Using a sample of 80 BMP stars (T > 6300 K), we find that 97% of the BMP binaries have V−Ks0 < 1.08 ± 0.03, while BMP stars that are not binaries lie above this cut in two thirds of the cases. This cut can help classify stars that lack radial velocities from follow-up observations. We then trace the origin of two BMP stars from the photometric sample by conducting a full chemical analysis using new high-resolution and high signal-to-noise spectra. Based on their radial velocities, Li, α and s- and r-process abundances we show that BPS CS22874-042 is a single star (A(Li) = 2.38 ± 0.10 dex) while with A(Li)= 2.23 ± 0.07 dex CD-48 2445 is a binary, contrary to earlier findings. Our analysis emphasises that field blue stragglers can be segregated from single metal-poor stars, using (V−Ks) colours with a fraction of single stars polluting the binary sample, but not vice versa. These two groups can only be properly separated by using information from stellar spectra, illustrating the need for accurate and precise stellar parameters and high-resolution, high-S/N spectra in order to fully understand and classify this intriguing class of stars. Our high-resolution spectrum analysis confirms the findings from the colour cuts and shows that CS 22874−042 is single, while CD −48 2445 is most likely a binary. Moreover, the stellar abundances show that both stars formed in situ; CS 22874−042 carries traces of massive star enrichment and CD −48 2445 shows indications of AGB mass transfer mixed with gases ejected possibly from neutron star mergers.",
keywords = "stars: abundances , blue stragglers, binaries: general, stars: fundamental parameters, stars: Population II , galaxies: halos",
author = "C.J. Hansen and P. Jofre and Andreas Koch and A. McWilliam and C.S. Sneden",
year = "2017",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1051/0004-6361/201629628",
language = "English",
volume = "598",
journal = "Astronomy and Astrophysics",
issn = "1432-0746",
publisher = "EDP Sciences",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Something borrowed, something blue

T2 - the nature of blue metal-poor stars inferred from their colours and chemical abundances

AU - Hansen, C.J.

AU - Jofre, P.

AU - Koch, Andreas

AU - McWilliam, A.

AU - Sneden, C.S.

PY - 2017/2

Y1 - 2017/2

N2 - Blue metal-poor (BMP) stars are main sequence stars that appear bluer and more luminous than normal turnoff stars. They were originally singled out by using B−V and U−B colour cuts.Early studies found that a larger fraction of field BMP stars were binaries compared to normal halo stars. Thus, BMP stars are ideal field blue straggler candidates for investigating internal stellar evolution processes and binary interaction. In particular, the presence or depletion in lithium in their spectra is a powerful indicator of their origin. They are either old, halo blue stragglers experiencing internal mixing processes or mass transfer (Li-depletion), or intermediate-age, single stars of possibly extragalactic origin (2.2 dex halo plateau Li). However, we note that internal mixing processes can lead to an increased level of Li. Hence, this study combines photometry and spectroscopy to unveil the origin of various BMP stars. We first show how to separate binaries from young blue stars using photometry, metallicity and lithium. Using a sample of 80 BMP stars (T > 6300 K), we find that 97% of the BMP binaries have V−Ks0 < 1.08 ± 0.03, while BMP stars that are not binaries lie above this cut in two thirds of the cases. This cut can help classify stars that lack radial velocities from follow-up observations. We then trace the origin of two BMP stars from the photometric sample by conducting a full chemical analysis using new high-resolution and high signal-to-noise spectra. Based on their radial velocities, Li, α and s- and r-process abundances we show that BPS CS22874-042 is a single star (A(Li) = 2.38 ± 0.10 dex) while with A(Li)= 2.23 ± 0.07 dex CD-48 2445 is a binary, contrary to earlier findings. Our analysis emphasises that field blue stragglers can be segregated from single metal-poor stars, using (V−Ks) colours with a fraction of single stars polluting the binary sample, but not vice versa. These two groups can only be properly separated by using information from stellar spectra, illustrating the need for accurate and precise stellar parameters and high-resolution, high-S/N spectra in order to fully understand and classify this intriguing class of stars. Our high-resolution spectrum analysis confirms the findings from the colour cuts and shows that CS 22874−042 is single, while CD −48 2445 is most likely a binary. Moreover, the stellar abundances show that both stars formed in situ; CS 22874−042 carries traces of massive star enrichment and CD −48 2445 shows indications of AGB mass transfer mixed with gases ejected possibly from neutron star mergers.

AB - Blue metal-poor (BMP) stars are main sequence stars that appear bluer and more luminous than normal turnoff stars. They were originally singled out by using B−V and U−B colour cuts.Early studies found that a larger fraction of field BMP stars were binaries compared to normal halo stars. Thus, BMP stars are ideal field blue straggler candidates for investigating internal stellar evolution processes and binary interaction. In particular, the presence or depletion in lithium in their spectra is a powerful indicator of their origin. They are either old, halo blue stragglers experiencing internal mixing processes or mass transfer (Li-depletion), or intermediate-age, single stars of possibly extragalactic origin (2.2 dex halo plateau Li). However, we note that internal mixing processes can lead to an increased level of Li. Hence, this study combines photometry and spectroscopy to unveil the origin of various BMP stars. We first show how to separate binaries from young blue stars using photometry, metallicity and lithium. Using a sample of 80 BMP stars (T > 6300 K), we find that 97% of the BMP binaries have V−Ks0 < 1.08 ± 0.03, while BMP stars that are not binaries lie above this cut in two thirds of the cases. This cut can help classify stars that lack radial velocities from follow-up observations. We then trace the origin of two BMP stars from the photometric sample by conducting a full chemical analysis using new high-resolution and high signal-to-noise spectra. Based on their radial velocities, Li, α and s- and r-process abundances we show that BPS CS22874-042 is a single star (A(Li) = 2.38 ± 0.10 dex) while with A(Li)= 2.23 ± 0.07 dex CD-48 2445 is a binary, contrary to earlier findings. Our analysis emphasises that field blue stragglers can be segregated from single metal-poor stars, using (V−Ks) colours with a fraction of single stars polluting the binary sample, but not vice versa. These two groups can only be properly separated by using information from stellar spectra, illustrating the need for accurate and precise stellar parameters and high-resolution, high-S/N spectra in order to fully understand and classify this intriguing class of stars. Our high-resolution spectrum analysis confirms the findings from the colour cuts and shows that CS 22874−042 is single, while CD −48 2445 is most likely a binary. Moreover, the stellar abundances show that both stars formed in situ; CS 22874−042 carries traces of massive star enrichment and CD −48 2445 shows indications of AGB mass transfer mixed with gases ejected possibly from neutron star mergers.

KW - stars: abundances

KW - blue stragglers

KW - binaries: general

KW - stars: fundamental parameters

KW - stars: Population II

KW - galaxies: halos

U2 - 10.1051/0004-6361/201629628

DO - 10.1051/0004-6361/201629628

M3 - Journal article

VL - 598

JO - Astronomy and Astrophysics

JF - Astronomy and Astrophysics

SN - 1432-0746

M1 - A54

ER -